Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 96987 75713
296987, 575713


Walter Newall, 1835-6, remodelling (?late) 18th century

windmill to form observatory, camera obscura installed

1836. Modern museum extension to S. Greek revival

aedicules with ramped architraves; 3 storeys below

bracketted deep parapet. Whitewashed; original battered

tower rubble-built with some roughly droved dressings;

Newall's alterations all ashlar. Small-paned sash windows,

some with iron bars. Door at N approached by steps with

coped monolithic parapets with corniced, battered piers;

3rd floor openings with boldly bracketted balconies.

Concealed roof, camera obscura viewer above.

Statement of Special Interest

Establishment of Observatory timed to coincide with arrival

of Halley's comet; opened 1.8.1836. Unexecuted scheme by Ady

of Edinburgh, 1835, for conversion to observatory held at

Museum. Windmill was in existence by 1796 - mentioned in

Grierson Diaries 28th Sept. 1796 (originals in Dumfries

museum; copies in Ewart Library).



Astronomical society records held in Museum. H Colvin,


p.588. W Dickie, GUIDE TO DUMFRIES, n.d. (3rd ed.) p. 118.

J M Crook, THE GREEK REVIVAL, 1972. Plate 195.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 26/03/2019 15:15