Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

200 HIGH STREET AND 61 ST ANDREW STREET, CORN EXCHANGELB24422

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000020 - see notes
Date Added
18/10/1972
Local Authority
Midlothian
Planning Authority
Midlothian
Burgh
Dalkeith
NGR
NT 33399 67526
Coordinates
333399, 667526

Description

David Cousin, dated 1853. Jacobean-style hall bridging between 2 streets, comprised of 2 blocks; symmetrical twin-gabled to lower High Street block and a massive gabled elevation to St Andrew Street (Exchange Hall). Random, variegated, stugged sandstone ashlar to main elevations, random rubble side elevations; ashlar dressings. Moulded Tudor-arched surrounds to 2-leaf doors. Mullioned windows, some with transoms. Chamfered reveals. Delicate relieving arches above 1st floor windows.

W (HIGH STREET) ELEVATION: broad door at centre, with hoodmould overstepping Buccleuch arms and 2 monogrammed shields; moulded panel above with shield dated "1853". Further corbelled panel above, with 4-line inscription ("The Earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof, Thou crownest the year with Thy goodness"), serving as a base to gabled ashlar bellcote with bell between gableheads of outer bays. Ashlar coping to sides of bellcote base. Smaller doors to outer bays flanked by tripartite window towards centre. 2 large 5-light transomed windows at 1st floor. Hoodmouled bipartite windows in gableheads. Deep base course. Angle buttresses. Cornice below gableheads. Ashlar apex detail to hall roof visible behind. Ball finials and weathervanes on all gableheads (finial missing from bellcote gable).

E (ST ANDREW SREET) ELEVATION: Shallow base course. Broad door at centre; 2 smaller doors in outer bays. Two 5-light transomed clerestorey windows. Hoodmoulded tripartite window in gablehead.

Rubble wall, continuous with wall-plane, linked to No 59 St Andrew Street to left.

N ELEVATION: blank with coped rubble buttresses, some set-off, dividing bays. Gablehead stack of High Street block to right. Modern entrance inserted in outer left bay. Modern addition adjoined to third bay from left. Group of 7 ectricity insulators in 2nd bay from right.

S ELEVATION: blank and buttressed as above. Later 1-storey lean-to addition, enclosing lower section of buttresses along entire elevation.

Small-pane glazing pattern, some fixed pane, some casement. Coped

skews and bracketted skewputts. Damaged fleur-de-lis ridge tiles to main roof. Grey slates. Double row of 9-light roof-lights to both pitches to W; replaced by purple slates to E. 3 ridge ventilators to S pitch, 1 to N. Pigeon loft to W gablehead of main roof.

INTERIOR: offices to W. Open hall; overhanging gallery to W, with barley sugar balusters, carried on 5-bay Tudor-arched arcaded screen; timber hammerbeam roof; Tudor-arched doorways; boarded dado.

Statement of Special Interest

B Group with Nos 153 and 155, 161 and 163, 165-169, 186 and 188, 190-194, 196 and 198, 212 and 214, and 216 and 218 High Street. The Corn exchange was opened on 10 August 1854, having been built largely by public subscription at a cost of over ?3800. It was the biggest indoor grain market in Scotland at that date. It functioned as the "Empress Dance Hall" in the mid 20th century, and then as a factory. It is currently used for storage by an electrical firm. David Cousins also designed Kelso Corn Exchange, 1856, in a similar style.

References

Bibliography

Lithograph, circa 1853, NMRS copy MLD/187/1. THE BUILDING CHRONICLE Vol I, 13 October 1854 p88. F H Groome (ed) ORNANCE GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND (1882) Vol II, p337. A Mitchell POLITICAL AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN DALKEITH (1882) pp51-55. C McWilliam LOTHIAN (1980) p165.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 16/11/2018 06:04