Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

Banff Castle including flanking pavilions and well, Castle Street, BanffLB21957

Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (


Date Added
Last Date Amended
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NJ 68936 64201
368936, 864201


Banff Castle: John Adam, 1749-52 on site of old castle. 3-storey, symmetrical 5-bay south front with 2-storey rear wing. Harled, ashlar margins and dressings. Centre entrance masked by late 19th century bow fronted tooled rubble porch with front window and side entrance. 4 ball finials decorate coped wallhead.

Symmetrical front fenestration with timber sash and case glazing, the outer bays paired; tall first floor windows, shorter ground and 2nd floor windows. East return gable with two long first floor windows (1 blind). 6-pane glazing in ground and 2nd floor windows, 16-pane in first floor. Bandcourse above ground floor windows running full length of frontage.

Deep moulded wallhead cornice; paired corniced ridge stacks on broad bases; piended slate roof.

REAR WING: small windows; 19th century oriel window fronts first floor in east elevation; timber multi-pane sash and case glazing; gabled slate roof.

INTERIOR: wide stairhall with stone paved floor. Cantilevered staircase with moulded risers and underside rises full height with simple turned balusters paired to each stair and polished wooden handrail.

Ground floor room, west low ceiling room with wooden chimneypiece with fluted jambs and dentilled corniced mantlepiece; blue and white tiled (Dutch?) slip. Plain panelled doors and simple moulded ceiling.

1ST FLOOR ROOM, WEST: (former dining room?). Fine ashlar chimneypiece with ribbed and shaped jambs, corniced overmantle with carved female mask flanked by Renaissance style foliated frieze, marble slips; no hearth, grate sealed with cement. Panelled dado; 6-panel doors with billeted and corniced overdoors and moulded jambs; panelled window shutters; all panelling raised and fielded. Corniced plaster ceiling.

1ST FLOOR ROOM, EAST: (former parlour?). Coved and corniced plaster ceiling; panelled dado, 6-panel doors with over-doors, panelled window shutters, all raised and fielded as elsewhere. Fine white painted carved chimneypiece with lugged jambs with egg and dart border and small female mask in centre; flanking carved scroll consoles, carved overmantle, narrow marble slips. Italianate tiled hearth front suggesting mosaics with paired leopards, decorative central tiles framed with scrolls, palmette and anthemion detailing. No grate; hearth infilled with brickwork.

2ND FLOOR ROOMS, EAST AND WEST: deep moulded ceiling cornices, panelled dados, window shutters and doors, all panelling raised and fielded. Each room with small closet. East pavilion: small square 2-storey, 2-bay pavilion; harled ashlar margins; (later?) ground floor doorway with rendered margins. Curved external stair to first floor entrance, the stairs screened by quadrant wall. Low first floor fenestration; rear wallhead stack; piended slate roof.

WEST PAVILION: (?former stables with service accommodation in first floor). Rectangular 2-storey pavilion, with symmetrical gable front as E pavilion but now marred by slapped garage door. Forestair in long 3-bay E elevation to 1st floor doorway. Multi-pane glazing; piended slate roof.


WELL: W L Duncan, Turriff, 1926. Domed peristyle well in forecourt.

Statement of Special Interest

The 18th century mansion of Banff Castle was built by James Ogilvy, 6th Earl of Findlater and 3rd Earl of Seafield as his town house. His principal seat was Cullen House in Cullen. The Earl owned land in and around Banff and administered this from his new town house.

There are separate listings for the entrance lodges, gates, gatepiers to Banff Castle (LB21959) and for the surrounding policy walls (LB21958). The Old Castle Walls are part of the scheduled monument (SM2927).

Statutory address and listed building record revised in 2017. Previously listed as 'Castle Street, Banff Castle, with Flanking Pavilions, Well and Old Castle Walls'.



Canmore: CANMORE ID 18455


John Wood (1823) Plan of the Town of Banff from Actual Survey. Edinburgh.

Ordnance Survey (Surveyed 1866, Published 1871) Banff Sheet IV.12. 25 Miles to the Inch map. 1st Edition. Ordnance Survey: Southampton.

Printed Sources

Banff Preservation Society, (1975) Royal and Ancient Banff. Banff Preservation Society: Banff.

Colvin, H., (1978) A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840. Yale University Press: New Haven and London. p 46.

Imlach, J., (1868) History of Banff. Robert Leask: Banff pp 18-19.

Mahood, A.E., (1919) Banff and District, Banff pp. 16, 64.

Walker, D. and Woodworth, M. (2015) The Buildings of Scotland: Aberdeenshire: North and Moray. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. pp.81-82.

Online Sources

Dictionary of Scottish Architects. John Adam [accessed 27/10/2016]

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


Banff Castle, Castle Street, Banff, principal elevation, looking north, during daytime, on clear day with blue sky.
Banff Castle, Castle Street, Banff, rear (north) elevation, during daytime with blue sky.



Printed: 25/07/2024 11:07