Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Removed


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Date Added
Supplementary Information Updated
Date Removed:
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Bunkle And Preston
NT 83182 56362
383182, 656362

Removal Reason

Dual designation


Pre 1600. Remains of 2 detached buildings (possibly once united) comprising former keep/kitchen block (E) and guard house (W). Harl-pointed cream sandstone rubble; weathered ashlar quoins and long and short surrounds to openings; rubble voussoirs and relieving arches in part.

KEEP/KITCHEN BLOCK: 2-storey, rectangular-plan, roofless structure with crowstepped gable wall to N (missing to S); square-headed doorway centred at ground to N (accessing upper floor). Remains of fireplace (former oven) to S, with arched openings at ground. Various segmental-arched and square-headed openings to E and W (some architraved surrounds).

GUARD HOUSE: 2-storey, rectangular-plan, roofless structure with doorway at ground to E; oval gun-loop to left; sandstone projection to outer left (former sundial?). Architraved surround to upper window opening with cross hatch carving beneath cill; corbelled base beneath ruinous stair turret to NE angle; remains of moulded eaves course to SE.

Statement of Special Interest

SCHEDULED ANCIENT MONUMENT. Recorded in the OS Name Book as " ancient castellated edifice said to have been the baronial residence of the Lumsdaine family." Thought to date from at least the 16th century, possibly as far back as the 1100s. Set within the grounds of Blanerne House (see separate list entry), on a plateau overlooking the Whiteadder Water. MacGibbon and Ross note that the guard house (identified as a dovecot by the Ordnance Survey) was at one time fitted out and used as a dairy to serve the house. Of the 3 castles within the parish, this is the most entire - Billie and Bunkle, both Scheduled but neither listed, being mere heaps. Despite its ruinous state, Blanerne retains numerous architectural details - the crowstepped gable, corbelled turret, gun-loop and cross hatched cill amongst the most notable.



NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1845) p119. Ordnance Survey Name Book (1856-1858) Reel 60, Book 5, NMRS. Ordnance Survey map, 1862 (evident). D MacGibbon & T Ross CASTELLATED & DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND, Vol 4 (1892) pp383-384. RCAHMS INVENTORY OF MONUMENTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE COUNTY OF BERWICK (1909) 13. C A Strang BORDERS AND BERWICK: AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE (1991) p40.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 23/03/2019 10:57