Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

BLANERNE CASTLE (REMAINS OF)LB218

Status: Removed

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
16/08/1999
Supplementary Information Updated
16/08/1999
Date Removed:
28/10/2015
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Bunkle And Preston
NGR
NT 83182 56362
Coordinates
383182, 656362

Removal Reason

Dual designation

Description

Pre 1600. Remains of 2 detached buildings (possibly once united) comprising former keep/kitchen block (E) and guard house (W). Harl-pointed cream sandstone rubble; weathered ashlar quoins and long and short surrounds to openings; rubble voussoirs and relieving arches in part.

KEEP/KITCHEN BLOCK: 2-storey, rectangular-plan, roofless structure with crowstepped gable wall to N (missing to S); square-headed doorway centred at ground to N (accessing upper floor). Remains of fireplace (former oven) to S, with arched openings at ground. Various segmental-arched and square-headed openings to E and W (some architraved surrounds).

GUARD HOUSE: 2-storey, rectangular-plan, roofless structure with doorway at ground to E; oval gun-loop to left; sandstone projection to outer left (former sundial?). Architraved surround to upper window opening with cross hatch carving beneath cill; corbelled base beneath ruinous stair turret to NE angle; remains of moulded eaves course to SE.

Statement of Special Interest

SCHEDULED ANCIENT MONUMENT. Recorded in the OS Name Book as "...an ancient castellated edifice said to have been the baronial residence of the Lumsdaine family." Thought to date from at least the 16th century, possibly as far back as the 1100s. Set within the grounds of Blanerne House (see separate list entry), on a plateau overlooking the Whiteadder Water. MacGibbon and Ross note that the guard house (identified as a dovecot by the Ordnance Survey) was at one time fitted out and used as a dairy to serve the house. Of the 3 castles within the parish, this is the most entire - Billie and Bunkle, both Scheduled but neither listed, being mere heaps. Despite its ruinous state, Blanerne retains numerous architectural details - the crowstepped gable, corbelled turret, gun-loop and cross hatched cill amongst the most notable.

References

Bibliography

NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1845) p119. Ordnance Survey Name Book (1856-1858) Reel 60, Book 5, NMRS. Ordnance Survey map, 1862 (evident). D MacGibbon & T Ross CASTELLATED & DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND, Vol 4 (1892) pp383-384. RCAHMS INVENTORY OF MONUMENTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE COUNTY OF BERWICK (1909) 13. C A Strang BORDERS AND BERWICK: AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE (1991) p40.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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