Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

MONUMENT ROAD (OFF) , ROZELLE ESTATE, ROZELLE INCLUDING LAMP STANDARDSLB21763

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000020 - see notes
Date Added
05/02/1971
Local Authority
South Ayrshire
Planning Authority
South Ayrshire
Burgh
Ayr
NGR
NS 33804 18987
Coordinates
233804, 618987

Description

1754; additions by David Bryce, 1830; stables converted by Cowie Torry & Partners, 1976. 2-storey and basement Palladian mansion; 5-bay corps-de-logis with basement quadrant links to 2-storey pavilions (E wing later extended as stable court). Painted harl. Band course dividing basement and ground floor; eaves course; cornice; raised quoins.

NE (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: steps to central paired-pilastered entrance porch; 2-leaf glazed timber door; cornice; blocking course; single windows to returns at ground floor; additional basement window to return to right. Regular fenestration to remaining bays at basement, ground and 1st floors; corniced windows at ground floor. 3-bay quadrant link to right comprising central entrance and flanking windows (all blind). Blind return to left of 2-storey pavilion; central glazed timber door; single window aligned above; flanking single windows at both floor (bipartite to left at basement); single storey garage section to outer right. 4-bay quadrant link to left comprises regular sequence of entrances and windows (blind entrance to penultimate bay to left). Blind return to right of 2-storey stable pavilion; advanced near-central pedimented bay; segmental, key-stoned entrance arch; roundel to pediment; urn finial to pediment head; regular fenestration to 3 bays to right; regular fenestration to 2 bays to left. Single storey section to right comprises narrow slit window; timber door; 2 windows to penultimate bay to left and 2-leaf timber door to outer left. Section to left of main house obscured by foliage.

STABLE COURTYARD: round-arched entrances within entrance arch; 2-leaf glazed timber doors and fanlights. SE ELEVATION: 3 segmental-arched glazed openings; arched entrance to outer right; timber door and fanlight. NE ELEVATION: arched entrance to outer right, square-headed window over; 5 square-headed openings to left. NW ELEVATION: blind elevation (rear quadrant link); square-plan gatepiers and timber gate to left. SW ELEVATION: 2 single windows to gabled bay to right; single window to return to left; square-headed entrance to recessed section; single window to right return of gable to left.

SW (REAR) ELEVATION: 4-bay (main house). Advanced pedimented bay to penultimate bay to right; 3 single windows at basement, tripartite window at ground floor, single window at 1st floor; blind return to left; single windows at ground and 1st floor to return to right. Single windows at basement, ground and 1st floor to bay to right (additional single inner window at 1st floor). 2-leaf glazed timber door to penultimate bay to left; single window to left; regular fenestration at ground and 1st floor to both bays. Single windows at basement, ground and 1st floors to gabled return to right; blind 2-storey wing; 3 narrow single windows (infilled) to single storey section to outer left; iron gate and timber entrances to centre; 3 narrow single windows (infilled) to outer right.

Predominantly 12-pane timber sash and case windows. Piended and platformed slate roof; rooflights; stone skews; wallhead and pitch stacks; circular cans. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

INTERIOR: good interior detailing including fireplaces (iron, timber and composition and marble examples); cornices; decorative moulded iron balusters and timber handrails to staircases

LAMP STANDARDS: 19th century lamp standards flank steps to entrance.

Statement of Special Interest

B-Group with Rozelle Lodge (see separate listing). Named after Rochelle, the family estate in Jamaica, Rozelle was built for Robert Hamilton of Bourtreehill, and as noted by Davis its original form was of 5 bays, with a slightly advanced centre bay to rear. The remodelling of the main block, by David Bryce circa 1831, provided an asymmetrical pedimented addition to the rear and an entrance elevation porch. Bryce's additions are noted by Davis as "... done in a restrained, classical idiom which on does not usually associate with Bryce". The house and estate was gifted to the local authority by Lieutenant Commander John Hamilton RN on the 15th of November 1968 and the stables opened to the public as the Maclaurin Art Gallery in 1976.

References

Bibliography

Ordnance Survey map, 1858 (evident); THE NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND (1845), p4; FH Groome ORDNANCE GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND, Vol 1 (1892), p44, 101; AN INVENTORY OF GARDENS AND DESIGNED LANDSCAPES IN SCOTLAND, VOL 2: DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY AND STRATHCLYDE (1987), pp364-367; John Strawhorn THE HISTORY OF AYR (1989), p115; Michael C Davis THE CASTLES AND MANSIONS OF AYRSHIRE (1991), pp43, 55, 364-365; Rob Close AYRSHIRE AND ARRAN (1992), p28; Dane Love PICTORIAL HISTORY OF AYR (1995), pp9, 22, 35; NMRS Photographic Archive.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 13/11/2019 14:51