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Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

Mornington Cottage and Museum of Abernethy (former stable), including pedestrian gateway to south, School Wynd, AbernethyLB20882

Status: Designated

Documents

Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions.

Summary

Information

  • Category: C
  • Date Added: 05/10/1971
  • Last Date Amended: 28/03/2017

Location

  • Local Authority: Perth And Kinross
  • Planning Authority: Perth And Kinross
  • Burgh: Abernethy

National Grid Reference

  • NGR: NO 18961 16495
  • Coordinates: 318961, 716495

Description

Mornington Cottage is a late 18th/early 19th century, 2-storey, 3-bay, rectangular plan house. It is constructed in rubble with harl pointing and has droved red long and short dressings. The roof is pitched and has grey slates and coped chimney stacks with cans on each gable. There are straight skews and the skewputts have an unusual floral circular pattern. Adjoining the south gable is a pedestrian gateway with a lintel inscribed with initials and '1757'. To the rear of the cottage is a single storey, monopitched outshot with rubble walls and it is open on the north side.

Adjoining the north gable of the cottage is a single storey with attic former stables and byre which was converted to a museum in 2000. It is constructed in rubble and has irregular openings. Some of the openings have been added as part of the conversion of the building to a museum, and the windows, doors and droved red dressings are replacements. To the right is a shallow arched cart opening with a 2-leaf timber boarded door. The roof is piended and has grey slates. The east roof pitch has later rooflights. At the rear is a stairtower which was added as part of the museum conversion.

Statement of Special Interest

Mornington Cottage and former stable and byre are a good survival of pre-1840 traditionally constructed buildings. Located at the centre of Abernethy, they group well with other traditional buildings. The cottage and stables were service buildings for Mornington House and they help us understand the social history of this small rural burgh in the early 19th century. Mornington Cottage has some interesting decorative features, such as the carved skewputts and the lintel with an inscription over the pedestrian gateway. The former stable has had a greater degree alteration following its conversion to a museum but its former use still remains visible.

Age and Rarity

Mornington cottage and stable is likely to date to the late 18th or early 19th century. They were built to serve Mornington House, which lies to the northeast of the cottage and stable. The properties are described in the Ordnance Survey name book of 1859-1862 as 'a large self-contained house with extensive stables out offices and gardens attached, adjoining the north side of the graveyard… and is occupied by the proprietor Dr. [Doctor] Guthrie'. Doctor Robert Guthrie was a surgeon in the Royal Navy.

The cottage is built in whinstone and the stables is built in random rubble. This would suggest that the cottage and stables may have been built at different times. On stylistic evidence, the architecture of Mornington cottage, with evenly spaced openings and first floor windows set close to the eaves, indicates the building likely dates to around the early 19th century and likely before 1840. There is, however, a date of 1757 in the lintel of the pedestrian gateway adjoining the cottage. This suggests that the cottage may have fabric from the mid 18th century. Charing can be seen on some of the walls of the cottage which may have been damaged by fire and was possibly rebuilt.

Mornington cottage and stable are shown on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map (surveyed 1860). The 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey Map (surveyed 1898) shows that the single storey outshot at the rear of Mornington Cottage has been added by this date, and with the exception of the stairtower, which was added as part of the museum works, the footprint of the cottage and former stable is largely unchanged from that shown on this map.

Abernethy is a historic settlement. Known to have been occupied since Pictish times, it was made a burgh of barony in 1459. By the early 19th century it was a weaving and salmon-fishing centre. On late 18th century and early 19th century maps (such as those by Stobie, Thomson and Knox) the village of Abernethy is shown as a main street with a church to the north. The early 19th century maps also show the triangular cross from which School Wynd (previously Steeple Wynd) extends. Many of the buildings at the centre of this village date to the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

In the late 20th century the former stable and byre was converted to the museum of Abernethy. As well as the addition of some new openings and a new stair tower at the rear, the windows and doors and the dressings have all been replaced.

While there have been some alterations, Mornington cottage and former stable and byre are a good survival of simple traditional buildings which group well with others.

Architectural or Historic Interest

Interior

The interior of the cottage has been comprehensively altered and no traditional fixtures and fittings were seen at the visit (2016).

The former stable retains some traditional features, such as the internal stone walls and an area of cobbled floor. There is also a fireplace in the north gable of Mornington cottage at attic level, and this indicates that this part of the building was likely to have been the accommodation for a coachman, as it is above the cart arch opening. The survival of these features indicate the former use of the building and are of some interest.

Plan form

With the exception of the stairtower, the footprint of the building is largely unchanged from that shown on the 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey. Some internal walls have been retained in the museum, however later partitions and a new attic floor has been added and the plan form is not considered to be typical for a building of this date and type.

Technological excellence or innovation, material or design quality

The street elevation of the cottage retains its classical proportions and an intact roofline including both of its end chimney stacks. The windows have been replaced but those to the street elevation follow a traditional glazing pattern. The decorative skew ends and the inscribed lintel are of particular interest.

The former stable has had a greater degree of exterior alterations and new fabric. However the former function of the building continues to be seen in the small attic windows and the arched opening for carts.

Setting

Mornington cottage and former stable are located close to the centre of this rural burgh. Mornington House (which is not listed) survives to the northwest and can be seen from the rear of these buildings, continuing to show the historical relationship between them.

In the late 20th century some houses have been constructed on School Wynd but overall the setting of Mornington cottage and stables remains largely as that shown on the 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey Map (surveyed 1898).

The building is located in a conservation area.

Regional variations

There are no known regional variations.

Close Historical Associations

There are no known associations with a person or event of national importance at present (2017).

Statutory address and listed building record updated in 2017. Previously listed as 'School Wynd, Mornington Cottage and Museum Of Abernethy'.

References

Bibliography

Canmore: http://canmore.org.uk/ CANMORE ID 161026

Maps

Stobie, J (1805) The counties of Perth and Clackmannan. Perth : J. Morrison

Thomson, J. and Johnson, W. (1827) Perthshire with Clackmannan. Edinburgh : J. Thomson and Co.

Knox, J. (1850) Map of the Basin of the Tay, including the greater part of Perth Shire, Strathmore and the Braes of Angus or Forfar. Edinburgh : W. & A. K. Johnston.

Ordnance Survey (surveyed 1860, published 1866) Perth and Clackmannan Sheet CX.8 (Abernethy). 25 inches to one mile. 1st Edition. Southampton: Ordnance Survey.

Ordnance Survey (surveyed 1898, published 1901) Perth and Clackmannanshire 110.08 (includes: Abernethy). 25 inches to one mile. 2nd Edition. Southampton: Ordnance Survey.

Printed Sources

Gifford, J. (2007) The Buildings of Scotland: Perth and Kinross. London: Yale University Press. p.144.

Haynes, N. (2000) Perth and Kinross: an illustrated architectural guide. Edinburgh: The Rutland Press. p.210.

Online Sources

Museum of Abernethy at http://www.museumofabernethy.co.uk/index.html (accessed 01/02/2017).

Ordnance Survey Name Books (1859-1862) Perthshire volume 03, OS1/25/3/34 at http://www.scotlandsplaces.gov.uk/digital-volumes/ordnance-survey-name-books/perthshire-os-name-books-1859-1862/perthshire-volume-03/31#zoom=2&lat=727.5&lon=1067.5&layers=B (accessed 01/02/2017).

Other Information

Further information courtesy of owner (2016 and 2017).

Canmore

About Designations

Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images ()

Mornington Cottage, street elevation, looking southeast, during daytime on a sunny day.
Museum of Abernethy, street elevation, looking northeast, during daytime on a sunny day.

Map

Map

Printed: 24/10/2017 01:18