Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Supplementary Information Updated
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
Planning Authority
Perth And Kinross
NN 85519 49067
285519, 749067


Dated 1826, single-storey with attic and part basement, L-plan former water mill in Breadalbane Estate gothic, with cast-iron overshot waterwheel. Chlorite-slate rubble with large quoins and stone cills; timber outshots and kiln housing. Voussoired pointed-arch openings.

Southwest (Entrance) elevation: broad door in bay to right of centre with dormer window above breaking eaves, advanced gable to outer right with door to ground and windows at attic floor, two further windows to each floor on return to left, those to attic breaking eaves as above, small square-headed door under relieving arch in re-entrant angle beyond. Slightly advanced gable to left of centre with timber-blocked opening in gablehead, set-back bay to outer left with square-headed door in re-entrant angle to right and timber-blocked opening above breaking eaves into dormerhead; timber base of kiln housing adjoining eaves on right and giving way to swept pagoda roof with unusual stepped top.

Southeast (Waterwheel) Elevation: ground falling steeply to northeast. Two bays to left with windows to each floor, those to attic breaking eaves as above. Broad gable to right with waterwheel (see below) at basement level, windows to each floor above.

Waterwheel: 15' diameter, 8-spoke cast-iron framed overshot wheel fed by mill lade from Moness Burn.

Northeast Elevation: advanced, gabled, single bay to outer left, later timber clad additions to central bays housing café at basement floor, rubble bay to outer right with broad square-headed door under relieving arch.

Northwest Elevation: blank gabled elevation with 'watermill' sign.

Diamond glazing-pattern over two-leaf timber casement opening. Grey slates. Deeply overhanging eaves with plain bargeboarding

Interior: converted for use as bookshop, gallery and café around 2004. Attic floor with Milson dresser for cleaning raw grain milling floor with two pairs of 1.5 ton French burr stones and basement (with vaulted ceiling) housing great spur wheel of beechwood.

Statement of Special Interest

Dating to 1826, Aberfeldy mill is an outstanding example of an early 19th century watermill. Once common across Scotland, water powered mills of the late 18th and early 19th century are now rare, with the majority demolished or substantially altered. Although no longer on use as a mill, Aberfeldy has been converted in the early 21st century and retains its early 19th century form and key industrial features including its water wheel, kiln ventilator and a number of items of internal machinery. The survival of the associated machinery is also very rare.

Amongst its building type, Aberfeldy mill is distinguished by its setting and architectural design. While most water mills are found in rural locations, Aberfeldy mill is located just off the main road through the town and this more urban setting is unusual. The building is also notable for its architectural design with Gothic style features such as pointed-arch openings. Watermills were typically designed to be simple, functional buildings with no architectural detailing. The Gothic style of Aberfeldy mill, often used for buildings of the Breadalbane Estate, gives the building a high level of architectural pretention compared with water mills of the period.

Mackay notes that the mill is dated '1826' on a gable (obscured by brick extension) facing the burn, and on the inside. A mill was built on this site during the 1740s, and subsequently purchased from the Earl of Breadalbane in 1771. The introduction of combine harvesting led to the need for instant drying, thus the oil-fired Walworth kiln was installed in 1953. Fitting the kiln necessitated removal of the kiln roof. The mill lade runs some 150m from The Birks, partly underneath the town.

The mill was closed in 1983 and subsequently restored by Tom Rodger, a retired miller from Cupar, who reopened it as a working mill in 1988. The mill closed in 2000 and fell in to a state of disrepair. The building was renovated around 2004 as a book shop, gallery and café.

Formerly listed as 'McKerchar & McNaughton's Meal Mill'.

Supplementary information in the listed building record was updated in 2019.



Canmore: CANMORE ID 159441.

Gifford, J. (2007) Buildings of Scotland, Perth and Kinross, London : Yale University Press, p. 141.

Haynes, N., (2000)Perth & Kinross, Edinburgh : Rutland Press. p. 122.

Hume, J. R. (1977) The Industrial Archaeology of Scotland, 2, the Highlands and Islands, London, p. 262.

Macgregor, L. J. and Oram, R., D., Atholl and Gowrie, North Perthshire: a historical guide, Edinburgh: Birlinn, p. 251.

Mackay, N. D. (1954) Aberfeldy Past & Present.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

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Printed: 02/10/2023 12:28