Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Supplementary Information Updated
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NJ 94661 6390
394661, 806390


1651-2. Surviving fragments of Cromwellian fort. 4-sided bastion to SE with adjoining straight wall sections to E and S. Rubble with large boulders with later flat coping stones; roughly dressed quoins to bastion angles. Situated to the East of Castle Street on Castle Hill, in prominent position overlooking the Harbour to the S. Late 20th century embankment and concrete pavement to N and W.

Statement of Special Interest

These are the only significant surviving architectural remains of the occupation of Aberdeen by Cromwell's troops. Originally a roughly square-plan fort consisting of earth and stone walls and bastions, it was erected with stones taken from St Machar's Cathedral in Old Aberdeen (see separate listing), and enclosed a small chapel called St Ninian's. The surviving section is the South East corner of the fort. The fort seems to have been constructed to provide look-out facilities over the city and Harbour. Occupying the city between 1651 and 1659, Cromwell's troops left in 1659 after George, Duke of Albemarle attacked the fort and the garrison was removed.

The site of the fort was used for an Infantry Barracks in the late 18th century and it is shown as such on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map of 1866. The Barracks were demolished in 1965 and housing has now been built on the site.

References from previous list description: Aberdeen of Old, 1986 Edward Meldrum p35. City of the Grey North Sea, 1965 Fenton Wyness p185-186.

Category changed from B to C(S), 2007.



James Gordon of Rothiemay, A Description of old and of new Aberdeens, 1661 NLS. Alexander Milne, A Plan of the City of Aberdeen, 1789, NLS. 1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map, (1866-8). W A Brogden Aberdeen, An Illustrated Architectural Guide, 1998 p28. Ranald MacInnes, The Aberdeen Guide, 2000 pf141.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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