Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
NT 56811 18437
356811, 618437


Hector H Orrock (architect), A Handyside Ritchie, (sculptor), 1861. Square-plan, Decorated Gothic spire monument to John Leyden. Stepped base sourmounted by two stages of short clustered columns with foliate capitals, surrounding inscribed plaques at lower stage and supporting open arrangement of trefoil-headed arches set under crocketed gablets; draped urn to interior. Sculpted figures and animals at corners. Banded and crocketed pinnacle above. Swinton sandstone; columns of polished red Aberdeen granite. Plaques on lower stage and between stages commemorate Leyden and his descendant John Lamb Leyden and contain Biblical quotations and extracts from Leyden's work. Monument enclosed by decorative iron railings.

Statement of Special Interest

The monument occupies a very prominent position in the centre of the village green and is an important focal point in the townscape. It was erected by public subscription. John Leyden (1775-1811) was a native of Denholm and was an antiquarian, physician and poet. It also commemorates his descendant John Lamb Leyden (1904-1988) who was a 'traveller and kindred spirit'.



shown on 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map (circa 1863). Margaret Sellar, Denholm: a history of the village (1989). Kitty Cruft, John Dunbar, Richard Fawcett, Buildings of Scotland, Borders (2006), p209.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 22/05/2019 07:49