Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Group Category Details
Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NJ 94555 6192
394555, 806192


Robert Gordon Wilson (Snr), 1901. Imposing, long and narrow 3-storey, 7-bay Neo-Classical commercial building making effective use of constricted, sloping site with single-bay entrance (S) elevation overlooking harbour. Polished grey granite ashlar with base course and channeled rustication to ground floor.

FURTHER DESCRIPTION: Convex stone dressings to recessed round-arched door with decorative fan-light to S elevation; prominent pendentive key-stone. Central 1st floor opening with consoled balcony and broken segmental pediment above. Twin pilasters flanking at 2nd and 3rd storey; moulded plinths resting on band course. Heavily carved and dentiled pediment with tympanum containing central occulus and ornate scrolled stone-work; returns to balustraded parapet at E elevation. Segmental and triangular pediments to E elevation alternate at first floor openings, separated by double-height pilasters. Arched windows at ground floor; doorway with segmental pediment to outer left bay.

Fixed-pane arched windows to ground floor; timber, double-hung timber sash and case windows to remaining floors. Leaded roof.

INTERIOR: Main hall retains some original oak panelling; plaster cornice currently hidden above false lighting ceiling (resurvey 2006); arched stained glass windows to W wall featuring naval scenes; upper floors converted to flats.

Statement of Special Interest

Robert Gordon Wilson's prominent Neo-Classical bank building at Regent's Quay is well-tailored to its restrictive corner site providing an effective termination to the handsome Georgian houses of Marischal Street. There is a particular quality in the detailing and confident handling of the Classical style that sets the building apart. It makes good use of the oblique angle of the street as it joins Regent Quay allowing the principal elevation to be seen at some distance when approaching from the East. The Aberdeen 'Town and County Bank' was established in 1826 and functioned as a successful independent bank until its integration with 'The North of Scotland Bank' in 1907, subsequently known as the 'North Bank'. Robert Gordon Wilson, a prolific Aberdeen architect, was apprenticed to Alexander Ellis and later secured a place in the office of Alexander 'Greek' Thomson before becoming Ellis's partner.

Marischal Street (designed by William Law, 1767) is of considerable historic interest in terms of the early development of Classical Aberdeen. Formed on the site of the Earl Marischal's lodging and linking Castlegate with the Harbour below, the street is carried on embankments down a partly vaulted incline. It is the earliest example of this type of construction in Aberdeen, anticipating the larger scale development of Union Street and Edinburgh's South Bridge by 20 years. Originally having a fine granite bridge half way down, this was demolished and replaced in 1983 along with adjacent Nos 36-38 and 37-39 to allow the widening of Virginia Street below.

The buildings occupying the Southern end of the street are attributed to William Smith (d.1812), father of John Smith (the renowned Aberdeen architect - b.1781) and are generally grander and more varied. The street as a whole retains much of its refinement and original character despite the gradual move from domestic to commercial ownership throughout 19th century. It is thought to be the first street in Aberdeen paved with square granite sets.

Part of A Group with 3-60 (Inclusive Nos) Marischal Street.



Alexander Milne, 'A plan of the City of Aberdeen with all the inclosures surrounding the town to the adjacent country, from a survey taken 1789'. Chapman and Riley, 'The City and Royal Burgh of Aberdeen - Survey and Plan 1949' p.149; Aberdeen Civic Society - 'A survey of Marischal Street With Recommendations For Conservation', 1970; W A Brogden - Aberdeen, An Illustrated Architectural Guide (1986) p.29.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

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Printed: 30/03/2023 02:47