Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

1 AND 3 BELMONT STREET AND 7 DENBURN ROADLB20127

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
12/01/1967
Local Authority
Aberdeen
Planning Authority
Aberdeen
Burgh
Aberdeen
NGR
NJ 93977 6153
Coordinates
393977, 806153

Description

1 and 3 Belmont Street: earlier 19th century. 7 Denburn Road: possibly by Archibald Simpson (see Notes), mid 19th century. Prominent, internally-linked commercial buildings with contrasting elevations to both Belmont Street and Denburn Road. Situated on steeply sloping ground.

Belmont Street (E elevation): 3-storey and attic, 4-bay, Classical commercial building on gently sloping site. Grey granite ashlar. Base course; band course between ground and 1st floor. Tall round-arched openings to Public House at ground floor with astragalled, fixed-pane glazing and ornamental cast-iron railings. Steps to slightly recessed 2-leaf door at far right bay with fixed-pane fanlight above. Regular fenestration at 1st and 2nd floors returning to curved bay at SE corner; pair of canted tripartite dormers.

Denburn Road (W elevation): 5-storey, 4-bay flat-roofed addition to earlier Belmont Street building. Roughly squared and coursed granite rubble with irregular Aberdeen Bond snecking; raised cills; projecting band cornice. Pair of broad, round-arched openings at ground floor; round-arched openings at 1st floor; regular fenestration at floors above. Returns to single bay to S elevation. Predominantly blind openings at N elevation.

Predominantly 4-pane timber sash and case windows throughout. Grey slate, pitched roof to Belmont Street with curving ashlar skew to SE corner; Gable end stacks with clay cans. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

INTERIOR: (Seen 2006) Extensively altered.

Statement of Special Interest

1 and 3 Belmont Street and 7 Denburn Road is a prominent and unusual commercial building with 2 distinct and contrasting elevations reflecting the steeply sloping site and the different building phases. 1 and 3 Belmont Street follows the Classical Aberdeen tradition with its ashlar granite and round arched ground floor which survives along with its good quality integral iron-work railings. The later addition at 7 Denburn Road to the rear rises an impressive 5 storeys with round arched openings to the ground and 1st floors. It forms a distinctive part of the streetscape and is visible from Union Street Viaduct and Union Terrace. Reference is made to this part of the building in the Aberden Journal on 15th Jan 1840, regarding necessary additions to the adjacent Aberdeen Hotel (now Victoria Restaurant) by Archibald Simpson. The rubble build is particularly unusual for Simpson.

Together, these buildings are located in Aberdeen's commercial heart and are evidence of the success of the expanding city in the 19th century. A stepped pend, similar to the one at Patagonian Court, runs the length of the building's N elevation from Belmont Street down to the Denburn below. This is currently blocked off to public access for safety reasons. Belmont Street was open pasture running alongside the Denburn until the 1770's from which point it was feued for building and quickly developed with a variety of uses and styles in evidence to this day.

References

Bibliography

Aberdeen Journal, January 15th 1840. Chapman and Riley, 'The City and Royal Burgh of Aberdeen ' Survey and Plan (1949) p.149; W A Brogden ' Aberdeen, An Illustrated Architectural Guide (1986) p.39. Ranald MacInnes, The Aberdeen Guide (1992) p.100 Further information courtesy of the owner.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 15/10/2019 09:29