Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

VICTORIA BRIDGE OVER RIVER DEE, AT MARKET STREET AND VICTORIA ROADLB20072

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
12/01/1967
Local Authority
Aberdeen
Planning Authority
Aberdeen
Burgh
Aberdeen
NGR
NJ 9468 546
Coordinates
394680, 805460

Description

Edward L J Blyth (Edinburgh), engineer, 1881. 5-span segmental arched bridge over River Dee. Rough-faced grey granite with ashlar to piers and parapet. Rounded cutwaters with advanced piers with round arched panels above. Coped panelled parapet with decorative cast iron lamp stands to each pier.

Statement of Special Interest

Victoria Bridge was a major factor in allowing the increasingly busy industrial 19th century Aberdeen to expand to the South. The bridge is an elegant 5-span structure in granite with good detailing and elegant cast-iron lamp stands.

The natural course of the Southern section of the River Dee estuary lies slightly to the North of its present course. Aberdeen was an increasingly expanding city with its dockside trade and fishing in the 19th century. The original Harbour was deemed to be too small for this expansion and the idea was mooted to divert the course of the River Dee slightly to the South. This would have the effect of enlarging the Harbour area and create a further dock and quayside, which was necessary to accommodate the expanding trade. The River Dee was therefore diverted in 1868 to its present course and the Albert Quay created. The Council were initially keen to build a bridge to Torry on the Southern side, over this newly diverted River, as this would open up a new area for expansion and allow the building of more industrial and residential accommodation. After a great deal of argument, this proposal foundered, but after a ferry accident in 1876, when 32 people died, the idea was taken up again and this bridge was built in 1881. A plaque on the bridge notes the ferry disaster.

References from previous List Description: J H Blyth, Signed Plans for Victoria Bridge, Aberdeen Art Gallery, AB/89/1. Post Office Directory, Plan of the City of Aberdeen, (1800). F H Groome, Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland: A Survey of Scottish Topography, Statistical, Biographical and Historical, Vol 1 (1886) p12. T Brotherson & D J Withrington (eds) The City and its Works: Aspects of Aberdeen's History since 1874, (1996) p8. NMRS photographs.

References

Bibliography

2nd Edition Ordnance Survey Map, 1899-1901. W A Brogden, Aberdeen, An Illustrated Architectural Guide, 1998 p158. John Smith and David Stevenson (eds), Aberdeen in the Nineteenth Century, 1988 pf91. E P Dennison, D Ditchburn & M Lynch, Aberdeen after 1800, A New History (2000). www.scran.ac.uk

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 16/12/2018 06:58