Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

KINNAIRDY CASTLE WITH OUTBUILDINGSLB19606

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
22/02/1972
Local Authority
Aberdeenshire
Planning Authority
Aberdeenshire
Parish
Marnoch
NGR
NJ 60892 49812
Coordinates
360892, 849812

Description

Early 16th century, square plan tower house, built on site of motte, with steep banks falling to N and W, possibly incorporating earlier structure. Curtain walls and outbuildings to S and E forming courtyard. Originally 5-storey with parapet walk and angle bartizans; 2-storeys remain, lowered 1725, with pitched roof. Castle restored and re-roofed 1725. Stair tower reduced 1865, cap-house rebuilt circa 1927. Late 16th century 2-storey hall range to E with alterations of 1857. Further alterations 1923-39 with restoration. Harl pointed rubble, squared dressings, chamfered reveals.

S ELEVATION: Tower: 3-storey, 2-bay tower, 2 windows to each floor; some enlarged. 3-stage stair tower adjoining to W; door at ground floor, narrow window at 1st and 2nd floors, breaking eaves with corbel course (see notes) carrying 1927 cap-house; window with broad star-studded architrave; crowstepped gable with star finial. Late 16th century wing of 3 irregular bays adjoining to E. Ground floor altered; door at centre crica 1857, with roll-moulded surround dated 1935, 1925-39 tripartites flanking. 3 windows to 1st floor. Two 1925-39 catslide dormers to attic. Rubble curtain walls extending to S and E, incorporating lean-to outbuildings to S and square pyramidal roofed turret.

N ELEVATION: towerhouse blind to N except 1 small window at ground. Windows to outer bays at each floor of later wing, modern cat-slide dormer to attic.

W ELEVATION: stair tower advanced to W; small window at ground and 3rd stage, and to 1st and 2nd stages on N return. Window to each floor of towerhouse.

E ELEVATION: modern doorway and window at ground to right, window at 1st floor.

Sash and case windows with various glazing patterns. Some leaded small-pane glazing of 1925-39 to stair tower, cap-house and tripartites. Re-roofed in grey slate, crowstepped gables and ashlar corniced stacks to towerhouse, ashlar coped skews and stacks to wing.

INTERIOR: vaulted ground floor to tower house, some original roll-moulded fireplaces remain; in process of restoration (1990).

Circa 1500 carved oak aumbry, with portrait heads incorporated into modern panelling of 1st floor hall (see notes). Large hall to ground floor of later wing, panelling and cornices intact in 1st floor rooms.

OUTBUILDINGS: single storey and attic steading/stable range to S, harled. Former rectangular-plan gabled carriage house(?) to E, coursed rubble; both now converted to residential use.

Statement of Special Interest

The lands of Kinnairdy came into the possession of the Innes Family in the late 14th century, and the first tower was probably built circa 1420. The oak aumbry doors incorporating carved roundels and lozenges with portrait heads probably dates from circa 1500; representing Alexander Innes (laird 1491-1537) and his wife, it is one of the oldest pieces of oak carving in Scotland (see Richardson). In 1627 the estate was sold to Crichton of Frendraught, from whom it passed to the Gregory

family. Thomas Donaldson and his wife Elizabeth Duff bought the estate in 1704, and transformed the castle from fortress to country house; a plaque dated 1725, mounted in the stair tower commemorates their work. The estate was in the possession of the Fife Estates until 1897, passing again to the Innes Family in 1923 who began restoration. The dovecot and remains of the walled garden are listed separately, as is the Mill, Kinnairdy.

References

Bibliography

Sir T Innes of Learney "Kinnairdy Castle" TRANS BFC (1939) p25. NSA (1842) p383. F Groome ORDNANCE GAZETTEER (1892) p8. J S Richardson

"Unrecorded Scottish Woodcarvings" PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES (1925-6) p400. Information supplied by the Innes Family.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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