Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NJ 58903 57142
358903, 857142


Much extended and altered house, with complex building history; 16th century Z-plan tower as core, with additions made throughout the 18th and 19th centuries in various styles. 3-storey, with vaulted basement, and attic. Currently H-plan with symmetrical advanced gables to N front, classical centre front regrettably demolished in late 1970s. Main entrance currently to NW. Harled with ashlar dressings.

TOWER HOUSE: rectangular block orientated E-W with square towers to NW and SE corners forming Z-plan.

CENTRE BLOCK: openings altered by later additions, some arrow slits at ground.

SE TOWER: relatively unchanged; former main entrance in SE re-entrant angle; roll-moulded, round-arched doorway, 3 small windows to stair in angle to right. 2 windows to each floor to gable, small window to attic.

NE TOWER: extended to S, openings enlarged. 1717 ADDITIONS: (for Sir James Gordon); dated monogrammed plaque to E elevation. SE tower extended northwards to balance projecting NW tower; and openings of N

gable enlarged with 4 tall outer windows, 3 smaller windows to inner bays of each gable to match extension, creating near-symmetrical N front.

1723 ADDITIONS: 3-storey bow added to E elevation, with new entrance at ground floor; roll-moulded surround to door with date and names of Sir James Gordon and wife inscribed on lintel. 3 large windows to each floor above.

LATE 18TH CENTURY: classical additions to N and S elevations; 3-storey bow added to centre block of S front; harled at ground floor, ashlar fronted above with 3 tall windows to each floor, slated conical roof.

1829 ADDITIONS: (for Col Thomas Gordon) to W elevation, extending NW tower to S. 4-storey, 2-bay square tower in Gothick style. Base course at ground to 1st floor level, blind, round-arched windows to W and to N at ground floor. 2 windows, diminishing in height at each floor to S, with exterior pelmets to 1st floor. Corbelled and crenellated parapet, corbelled angle turrets with blind, cruciform arrow slits.

1876-8 ADDITIONS: Angle between NW and 1829 towers filled with stair tower, raised in 1918. Door to this tower currently serving as main entrance, with T-plan stair (constructed from 18th century front horseshoe stair) to door at 1st floor; coped ashlar balustrade and panelled polygonal ashlar dies; window above.

INTERIOR: much altered. Vaulted basement with cellars. Some original fireplaces. Little plasterwork remains. Sash and case windows, predominantly 12-pane glazing pattern. Grey slates, ashlar coped skews and stacks.

Statement of Special Interest

The mansion of Park was sold to the Gordon family in 1605, as a result of the bankruptcy of the 8th Lord Saltoun. For notes on the history of the barony, see RMS Vol 5, p13-14 No 1633, and notes compiled by the owner. The Gordons of Park married into the Duke of Fife's family, the Duffs, in the mid 18th century.

The N front had an 18th century advanced, 3-storey pedimented gable with the main entrance all 1st floor. This was demolished in the late 1970s. There was also a single storey pavilion of circa 1877 adjoining the E elevation, and a battlemented pavilion of the same date adjoining the W of the N front; also now demolished.



Dr D Simpson, draft paper, PARK (1936). OSA (1792) p349. NSA (1836) p81. F Groome ORDNANCE GAZETTEER (1892).

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

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