Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

MONIGAFF PARISH CHURCH, GRAVEYARD AND GRAVEYARD WALLSLB19312

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Group Category Details
100000020 - 77
Date Added
04/11/1971
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Parish
Minnigaff
NGR
NX 41011 66610
Coordinates
241011, 566610

Description

William Burn, 1836. Gothic church. Rectangular-plan; 5-bay nave; 3-stage entrance tower to W. Whinstone rubble; red sandstone ashlar dressings. Base course. Moulded eaves cornice and courses. Smooth margin drafts and stugged rybats. Set-off buttresses, with water-leaf-finialled gabletted pinnacles; angle buttresses to all corners. Pointed-arched windows with slender Y-tracery and transoms. Double-leaf panelled doors. Leaded diamond-pane glazing. Graded grey slates. Some original rainwater goods.

W ELEVATION: tower at centre. Square stair turrets adjoining to left and right; cornice and blocking course to gable above.

TOWER: hoodmoulded, moulded, deeply chamfered, pointed-arched door surround, with nook-shafts, to W. Hoodmoulded windows at 2nd stage to N, W and S, blind and truncated by adjoining stair turrets to N and S; nave adjointed to E. Windows, with nook-shafts and colonnette-mullions, 3-light intersecting tracery, at 3rd stage, all blind except lower part of window to W; string course stepped over windows at hoodmould. Clasping buttresses, octagonal above 1st stage, rising to pinnacles. Parapet, gabled at centre to each face. Double course between stages and below parapet; upper course between 2nd and 3rd stages stepped over moulded square panel to each face.

Stair turrets flanking 1st stage to N and S, with cornice and blocking course; each with 2 vertically-placed blind round-headed lancets to W and window to outer returns; small square window below to S return.

N ELEVATION: 5-bay; windows divided by buttresses. Porch in centre bay, truncating window; crenellated parapet, gabled over door to N, with shield and garland motif in gablehead; cornice raised over door; moulded, 4-centre-arched door; small lancets to E and W returns; diagonal buttresses to angles.

S ELEVATION: 5-bay; windows divided by buttresses.

E ELEVATION: ogee-hoodmoulded, four-centred-arched window, with 5-light panel tracery and transom. Vestry advanced below window, canted to E; depressed-arched doors to N and S returns; 2-light 4-centre-arched windows to canted bay at centre; lancets to left and right; cornice and blocking course; diagonal buttresses to angles. Cornice and blocking course to gable, with corniced octagonal die built into apex.

INTERIOR: 2 aisles to 5-bay nave. Boarded horseshoe gallery to 3 sides on columns. Painted plaster walls and boarded dadoes. 4-centre-arched doors with leaded glazing to upper panels. Plaster rib-vaulted ceiling to nave. Marble mural tablets. Timber pews.

Dentil-corniced, double-leaf door from tower porch to vestibule. Vestibule slightly advanced into nave to W; doors on returns. Organ to W in gallery, built by Bryceson and Co, London, installed 1872. Clock built into gallery to W.

Blind arcaded octagonal pulpit, with steps from left. Timber communion table, lectern and stone font. Dentil-corniced, panelled and quatrefoiled screen behind. Doors to vestry, set in angled, corniced panels, flanking screen. Door to porch at centre to N. Plaster hoodmould to E window.

STAINED GLASS: window to E in memory of Patrick Stewart (died 1865). Stained glass to N and S walls in panels below transom. Window in bay to right of centre of N in memory of Randolph Stewart, 9th Earl of Galloway (died 1873). S wall: window to left in memory of Charlotte Nugent-Dunbar (died 1951); window to left of centre in memory of James MacKie, 1868; window at centre by A Ballantine and Son, Edinburgh, 1910; similarly detailed windows to right of centre and to right. Variety of geometric and diamond-pane glazing, some coloured and some etched, with coloured margins, to remaining windows and above transoms.

GRAVEYARD: many fine 18th and 19th cnetury monuments.

The Old Parish Church (see separate listing) is situated in the Graveyard to the S. The Heron Monument (see separate listing) is situated in the Graveyard to the W.

GRAVEYARD WALLS: low rubble wall with granite saddleback coping. Cast-iron fleur-de-lis railings to N and W; double-leaf spearhead gates to W and S.

TWO CROSS SLABS: pillar-cross, sculptured in relief on 3 faces. Pillar, sculptured partly in relief and partly incised on one face.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building in use as such; Church of Scotland. Monigaff Parish Church was built at a cost of $1800 and could accommodate 850.

It was repaired in 1893 and renovated in 1929. Electric lighting and the electric organ blower were installed by John McKie of Bargaly in 1948 in memory of the 2nd World War. Monigaff was united with Bargrennan on 9 May 1962.

The design is very close to Burn's earlier church in Stenton, East Lothian (1829) and his parish church in Thurso.

The Old Parish Church is listed separately. The Heron Monument is listed separately under Monigaff Parish Church Graveyard, Heron Monument.

B Group with Heron Monument; Old Parish Church.

The CROSS SLABS were SCHEDULED but were removed to Monigaff Parish Church from the Old Parish Church in 1996 to remove them from erosion by weather, and are not Scheduled in their current location.

The pillar-cross was found serving as a lintel in the Old Market-house of Minnigaff when it was demolished in circa 1880. The pillar was found serving as a doorstep to the Old Church in circa 1880.

References

Bibliography

Plans and elevations by William Burn, September 1830; copies in NMRS (KBD/66/1-11). NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT Vol IV (1845) Kirkcudbright, pp134, 140. F H Groome (ed) ORDNANCE GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND Vol V (1895) p 36. M M Harper RAMBLES IN GALLOAY (1896) pp 188, 190. GALLOWAY GLIMPSES (1903) pp 122-124. G Hay THE ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTTISH POST-REFORMATION CHURCHES 1560 - 1843 (1957) p 261. J A Lamb (ed) FASTI ECCLESIAE SCOTICANAE Vol IX (1961) p 165. B Willsher and D Hunter STONE: A GUIDE TO SOME REMARKABLE EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY GRAVESTONES (1978) p 67. D F M MacDonald (ed) FASTI ECCLESIAE SCOTICANAE Vol X (1981)

p 95. MEMORIAL OF MINNIGAFF PARISH (nd) (tombstone inscriptions).

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 23/07/2019 20:57