Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 44205 35389
244205, 535389


Earlier 19th century. Planned farm steading with 4 ranges of buildings laid out around a central square courtyard, the steading is remarkable for the presence of an almost complete horse-powered threshing machine. STEADING: single storey and loft buildings, rubble walling with polished red sandstone margins and quoins to main E front. Ranges to S and W roofless and walls becoming derelict. Circular horse engine house to NE adjoining threshing barn. E RANGE: symmetrical 7-bay show front. Taller advanced centre bay has near flat-arch pend to ground with red sandstone voussoirs. Above this a pyramid roofed dovecot with round-arched opening to E. The outer bays have rubble voussoired, depressed-arch cart entrances, 2 windows to inner bays, sash and case with 12-pane glazing. 2 door lead from pend to stables, that to right for working horses, that to left with 3 stalls for carriage horses, a curved and shaped timber-lined roof and hay chute trapdoor. Next to the carriage horse stable is a harness room with small fireplace. Hay loft runs whole length of E range.

N RANGE: most of this range is occupied by the taller 2-storey threshing barn with straw house to W. The E portion of the range has a small byre or store. Projecting from the N face of this range is a circular horse engine house, rubble-built and with most of its original openings blocked in rubble. Conical slate roofs. Internally the upright shaft with harness shafts have been removed but the gear train and drive shaft are in place. The drive shaft connects to a virtually complete roller feed threshing machine, only the fanner unit is missing. The straw house is located to the W and the ground floor access from it to the threshing barn has been recently (1988) blocked in breeze block.

S AND W RANGES: formerly byres, probably loose byres. Roofless but mainly complete to wallhead. Single storey, depressed-arch openings, that to W range was originally another pend, blocked by 1894. Footings of a drystone dyke enclosing the S part of the courtyard (presumably as a cattle court) can be seen.

Statement of Special Interest

Tonderghie preserves many interesting agricultural features. The horse powered threshing machine is one of the most complete examples in Scotland. Located a few hundred metres to the NE are the remains of a hand threshing barn (not included in current listings) with characteristic wide opposing doors, triangular ventilators and raised stack yard, probably part of the 18 century predecessor to the improved Tonderghie steading.



No Bibliography entries for this designation

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


There are no images available for this record, you may want to check Canmore for images relating to TONDERGHIE STEADINGS

There are no images available for this record.

Search Canmore

Printed: 21/08/2019 23:53