Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
South Ayrshire
Planning Authority
South Ayrshire
NS 36781 5333
236781, 605333


1816-20 with later alterations. Ashlar-coped garden wall (brick-lined stone to N, brick to E and W) around three sides of an area approximately 110 x 60m, with large lean-to S-facing greenhouse with columned, pedimented portico against centre of N wall and ashlar-coped brick terrace walls terminating in corniced, panelled stone piers supporting carved stone urns.

GREENHOUSE: circa 1820 with later additions. Central section with advanced, glazed, tetrastyle Corinthian portico; long, lower wings on sandstone base walls to each side. 4 painted sandstone Corinthian columns and ornamental cast-iron finial to portico. INTERIOR: cast-iron brackets; plant shelves supported by cast-iron pilasters with floreate detailing in panels. Underground rooms beneath.

Statement of Special Interest

An extensive and well-preserved early 19th century walled garden containing a greenhouse with handsome ornamental features. The garden is unusual in having no south wall, the upward slope on this side of the site being sufficiently steep to protect it naturally. It forms an integral part of the designed landscape of the Blairquhan estate, although it has undergone a number of significant changes since it was first designed: in the later 20th century it was used as a commercial forest nursery before assuming its current appearance as an ornamental garden. The garden was originally laid out by John Tweedie in 1816.

The two outer wings of the greenhouse appear to be later additions, and the glazing of the greenhouse has been replaced with larger panes over the course of the 20th century. The interior cast-iron work is branded Simpson & Farmer, Glasgow. The underground rooms below the greenhouse are thought to have been used for mushroom culture.

The Blairquhan estate was remodelled to its present form by David Hunter Blair in the first half of the 19th century, when the castle of Blairquhan (listed separately) was also significantly rebuilt to the designs of William Burn. A number of other buildings and bridges on the estate are listed separately.



shown on 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map (1854-9). Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes, [accessed 22 March 2007]. Historical information courtesy of Blairquhan Estate Office (2007).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 19/04/2019 07:34