Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
NT 41734 75084
341734, 675084


Robert Adam, 1789-91; Robert Adam and Thomas Russell, mansions. Castellated 3-storey and basement country house built on site of earlier palace; rectangular-poan with chamfered corners, circular and square towers and bowed tower-bay; largely symmetrical in plan and elevation.

2 2-storey U-plan service pavilions adjoined to house with quadrant screen walls at N mirrored at S to enclose courtyard. Varicoloured sandstone, squared and snecked, grey predominating at, ashlar dressings; evidence of former harling. Cill and band courses; corbelled parapet.

S (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: centre bay advanced; steps to segmentally arched tripartite doorway; pilasters dividing and decorative fanlight; 2-leaf fanlight; 2-leaf panelled doors. Quasi-Venetian window above at 1st floor with round-arched side lights. Tripartite of round-arched lights at 2nd floor. Crowstepped gablehead above parapet with oculus. Square towers advanced and flanking entrance bay with arrow-slit windows to S elevation to principal and 2nd floor, cross-shaped at 1st; screen walls adjoined at ground (see below). Window to each floor in flanking bays; circular towers with arrow-slit windows flanking chamfered corner bays.

N ELEVATION: basement exposed by falling ground; full-height bowed tower-bay at centre with 3 windows to each floor, round arched above basement and tripartite to centre (blind lights flanking 2nd floor window); door to basement at centre. Window to each floor flanking bays with doors inserted in bay to right of centre at basement and principle floor with painted timber forestair and small-pane fanlight to upper floor; 2-leaf panelled doors. Circular towers by chamfered corner bays, with arrow-slit windows to each floor.

E AND W ELEVATIONS: 3-bay, corner bays chamfered and centre of each bay recessed. Basement door at centre, Venetian windows to principal, 1st and 2nd floors, shorter and with blinded centre lights to 1st and 2nd. Corner bays with window to each floor, narrow and in round arched panels at 1st and 2nd floor, round-arched at 2nd.

E AND W SERVICE PAVILIONS: U-plan, opening to E and W respectively with square corner towers breaking eaves at outer angles, and lower elevations to service courts. Various blinded windows and arrow-slits. Kitchens in W pavilion, stables in E. Elevations to principal courtyard and Venetian windows at centre at ground, flanked by tower-pilasters and screen walls abutting to sides. S elevations each 3-bay with full-height round-arched panels recessed at centre, narrow windows at ground, blinded tripartite round-arched windows to panels at 1st floor, 4-pane in flanking bays.

N elevations each 3-bay with full-height round-arched panels to each bay; narrow windows at ground and 4-pane 1st floor windows. Round arched panels to N and S service court elevations of W pavilion, with 2-leaf garage doors inserted. Segmental carriage archways with 2-leaf doors to 1 side of stable court; doors to stables and hayloft windows.

SCREEN WALLS: enclosing principal courtyard. Quadrant screens to 4 corners, adjoined to house and with curtain walls to service pavilions. Sections of corbelled parapet and string course. Wide round arched gateway in convex quadrants to S, flanked by square towers with recessed panels. Blind arrow slits to quadrants. S quadrants with loggias to courtyard, each with round arched bays.

Small-pane glazing patterns to sash and case windows. Ashlar coped stacks. grey slates.

INTERIOR: restrained classical decoration, some alterations. 3 main rooms to principal floor, enfiladed. Cantilevered stair to hall with trellis-work wrought-iron balustrade. Drawing Room with bowed bay, fine classical alabaster chimneypiece with blue tile slip; ornate fender. Dining Room with 4 curved doors, fine classical chimneypiece (brought from Kirkcudbrightshire, by Whytock and Reid). Classical plaster friezes. Decoratrive finger plates and brass curtain poles. Barrel-vaulted room to E side of basement.

PAVILIONS: boarded stalls to E pavilion with boarded and railed travises, and loose box; distemper walls. Kitchen pavilion altered, Carron Company kitchen range retained.

GARDEN ORNAMENT: gadrooned stone basin in principal courtyard.

RETAINING AND TERRACE WALLS: probably pre-17th century, sandstone rubble walls to policies of Seton House, including boundary of orchard to N, and continuing around Seton Gollegiate Church with corner towers, some harl-pointing; SW corner named Orchard Corner, with corbelled stone, by roadside. Sizeable rubble buttresses at intervals. Rubble coped terrace wall by dene to N of house, and bridge over dene to NW.

Statement of Special Interest

The earlier palace was pulled down in 1790 to make way for the Adam mansion: a view by Alexander Keirincx illustrates its form. The design was one of fourteen in this tyle by Adam, and can be grouped closely with those at Pitfour in Perthshire, Dalquharran in Ayrshire, Mauldside in Lanarkshire (destroyed), Airthey, Stirlingshire, and Stobs, Roxburghshire. The castle effect is achieved by the massing of the various elements, in a manner used earlier by Sir John Vanbrugh at Seaton Delaval, while the plan and interior follow classical precepts. Seton was commissioend by Alexander Mackenzie, an Edinburgh lawyer, but soon after passed into the estate of the Earl of Wemyss. The former orchard to the north was laid out in 1807. Several neighbouring properties, formerly on the Seton Estate, are included in the current listings, including the Collegiate Church, Seton Farmhouse and Seton Mill's kiln and granary.

The building was called Seton Castle when built and known as such until the 1920s when the name was changed to Seton House. Reinstated to its former name Seton Castle in 2012.



Soane Museum Drawings; copies at NMRS, ELD129/1-9.

SRO. Contract of 1789, ex GD18/4965.

2 views by John Clerk of Eldin, in possession of Sir John Clerk of Penicuik, copies at NMRS.

COUNTRY LIFE, 23 and 30 May 1968, John Fleming.


Royal Society of Arts JOURNAL, cxxii, September 1974, Rowan, 'The Adam Castle Style'.

C McWilliam LOTHIAN (1878) pp428-31.


Green EAST LOTHIAN (1907).

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


There are no images available for this record, you may want to check Canmore for images relating to SETON CASTLE (FORMERLY KNOWN AS SETON HOUSE) WITH RETAINING TERRACE AND WALLS

There are no images available for this record.

Search Canmore

Printed: 18/06/2024 09:34