Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
NT 59319 77708
359319, 677708


Principally 18th century;farmhouse and mill complex some elements may be earlier,much altered.Listed primarily for its historic interest as the home of Andrew Meikle (1719-1811),the inventor of the water powered threshing machine.

Farmhouse:2-storey.3-bay house,with later wing added to left,and modern additions adjoining both gables.Rubble,with raised ashlar margins,probably formerly harled;gables harled.Modern glazing,purple slates to main house,red pantiles to additions,harled stacks.

Front (NW) elevation:later 19th century gabled porch at centre,windows flanking.3 windows at 1st floor.Modern slated conservatory addition to right,single storey wing to left adjoining harled,modern advanced addition:Rear:2 windows at ground floor,enlarged at right to glazed doors,3 windows at 1st floor.

Mill and Steading:to NW,much altered.Range of single storey buildings running SE-NE,one now in use as a cottage,centre range as a byre,2 storey mill terminating range to NE.Rubble,with brick alterations,some original openings with brick lintels.Breast-shot waterwheel formerly to NE gable (does not survive) with window above to 1st floor.E elevation much altered:now with large slapping.Corrugated sheet metal roof.

Statement of Special Interest

Houston Mill is of considerable historic importance as the documented home of Andrew Meikle,who lived there from about 1750 until 1783.Meikle was born in East Lothian,the son of millwright James Meikle.He and his brother Robert followed their father's profession.Andrew the first threshing machine in 1776 which was patented at nearby Knowes Mill in 1788,revolutionsighing the preparation of corn for milling.Houston Mill is also associated with the great Scottish engineer,John Rennie,who lived at Phantassie,half a mile away,and was an apprentice at Andrew Meikle's millwright shop at Houston Mill from 1773-5 and 1777-9.Andrew Meikle's achievement is commemorated on his tombstone in Prestonkirk kirkyard.



J P Shaw Water Power in Scotland 1550-1870 (1884) pp103-107

J Martine

Reminiscences of the Royal Burgh of Haddington and Old East LOthian Agriculturalists (1883) pp353-356

J Martine Reminiscenes of East Lothian (1890) p206 NSA 1835 p21

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 20/04/2019 13:45