Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

WINTON HOUSE (FORMERLY CASTLE) WITH TERRACES RAILINGSLB18948

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/02/1971
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
Pencaitland
NGR
NT 43815 69495
Coordinates
343815, 669495

Description

William Wallace, King's Master Mason, Anglo-Scottish Renaissance mansion, 1620-1627, with large additions to N and W in tudor style,John Paterson, circa 1805. Sandstone rubble for original mansion, with white painted harling, ashlar stair towers, ashlar dressings, string

courses, moulded eaves cornice and ornate barley sugar stacks; 19th century work in sandstone ashlar with base, string and band

courses, hoodmoulded openings and crenellated parapets. 17th century mansion: L-plan, main block running E-W with NE jamb and square plan stair tower to NE; semi-octagonal stair tower set in re-entrant angle with NE jamb; ground and 1st floor of N and W elevations largely obscured by later additions. N elevation of 3 storeys, S elevation 3-storey and basement on falling ground by River Tyne. Circular stair turret adjoined of NE tower at 2nd floor in re-entrant angle with ogival leaded roof and small windows; renaissance balustrade to square 4-stage tower with strapwork ornament to cornice below, and observation platform. Semi-octagonal tower of 4 lower stages with ogival roof deliberately set askew, some decoratively cut ornate slates and glided finial. 2nd floor windows generally with pilastered rybats, some fluted and with ornate strapworked pediment, breaking eaves as dormerheads. Oval oculus in gablehead of E elevation of E-W block. Plan one room in depth with NE jamb 1-bay deep. 3 bays grouped closely at centre on S elevation with further bay to outer right. Tall, ornate barley sugar stacks in groups of 3 to 5, at gable and wallheads, with great variety of oramental carving. Crowstepped gables. 19th century additions: to N and W. Single storey and basement to N with canted 2-stage entrance bay at centre; single storey and basement to W elevation without basement recess; octagonal, crenellated towers closing each addition of 2 and 3-stages, with hoodmoulded lancets, blind in upper stages. Rectangular porch projecting from canted bay to N, with angle buttresses and moulded pointed-arch doorway. Taller windows at ground floor. Stone mullioned tripartities to W elevation at principal floor level, flanking canted bay set off-centre to left. Piend roofs behind parapets; flat, leaded roof with conical skylights above projecting entrance bay. Small and square-pane glazing patterns to sash and case windows. Grey slates.Cast-and wrought-iron balcony across principal floor to S, on coped ashlar parapet with cast-iron columns and decorative railings. Interior: outstanding 17th century decoration retained. The library (or King's Charles Room) contains the finest early 17th century plaster ceiling and a chimneypiece of large proportions bearing what was probably originally the pediment over the entrance door (moved in circa 1805); the flue is thought to have belonged to the castle which stood on the site before the work in the 1620s. The drawing room formerly the great hall of the castle includes a similarly magnificent chimneypiece and strapwork plaster ceiling; fine strapwork plaster ceilings in the bedrooms, with ornate panels.Stone wheel stairs. Tudor decoration to vaulted inner vestibule of 19th century addition; decorative plaster cavetto cornice to Dining Room, with apsidal ends; decoratively carved classical chimneypieces

.Notable fittings and furnishings, much of an early date. Gate to walled garden: probably 18th century; decorative wrought-iron gate wide side panels and overthrow crowned by fleur-de-lys finial; sited on S sited of garden. Terraces and railings: squared and snecked sandstone terrace walls to S; round-arched Renaissance balustrade to E beyond ocagonal pavilion; summer pavilion with hoodmoulded lancets and slated ogival roof, linked to house by further (different) balustraded

parapet. Decorative cast and wrough-iron railings to terraces and to basement recesses at N.

Statement of Special Interest

Renaissance work commissioned by 10th Lord Seton, extending and aggrandising a later 15th century castle; 19th century work commissioned by Colonel Hamilton. The work by William Wallace constitutes a landmark in the development of Scottish architecture after the union of the Crowns, standing as an early xample of the style developed later at Heriot's Hospital, Edinburgh, and Argyll's Lodging, Stirling,for example. The Setons were also the patrons of the outstanding work prior to Winton at Fyvie Castle and Pinkie House. The Laundry Cottage Stables and North and South Lodges are listed separately. The walled garden by the stables is not included in the current listings, but the wrought-iron gate is included above.

References

Bibliography

T Hannan Famous Scottish Houses (1928) pp 193-196.

RCAHMS Inventory no 136.

Winton House Guidebook.

C McWilliam Lothian (1978) pp472-4

History of the House of Seytoun (Maitland Club) p74-5.

Country Life 24 August 1912 pp260-267.

J Small castles and Mansions of the Lothians (1883) vol II.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 26/05/2019 18:02