Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

Winton Castle including terrace and railings, PencaitlandLB18948

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/02/1971
Last Date Amended
19/09/2019
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
Pencaitland
NGR
NT 43819 69495
Coordinates
343819, 669495

Description

William Wallace, King s Master Mason, Anglo-Scottish Renaissance mansion, 1620-1627, with large additions to the north and west in the Tudor style by John Paterson, around 1805.

Sandstone rubble for original mansion, with white painted harling, ashlar stair towers, ashlar dressings, string courses, moulded eaves, cornice and ornate barley sugar chimneystacks; 19th century work in sandstone ashlar with base, string and band courses, hoodmoulded openings and crenellated parapets.

17th century mansion: L-plan, main block running east to west with northeast jamb and square plan stair tower to northeast; semi-octagonal stair tower set in re-entrant angle with northeast jamb. Ground and 1st floor of north and west elevations is largely obscured by later additions.

The north elevation is three-storey and the south elevation is three-storey with basement on falling ground by the River Tyne. Circular stair turret adjoined of northeast tower at 2nd floor in re-entrant angle with ogival leaded roof and small windows. With Renaissance balustrade to a square four-stage tower with strapwork ornament to cornice below, and observation platform. Semi-octagonal tower of four lower stages with ogival roof deliberately set askew, some decoratively cut ornate slates and glided finial. The 2nd floor windows generally with pilastered rybats, some fluted and with ornate strapworked pediment, breaking eaves as dormerheads. Oval oculus in gablehead of east elevation of east-west block.

Plan one room in depth with northeast jamb one-bay deep. Three bays grouped closely at centre on south elevation with further bay to outer right. Tall, ornate barley sugar chimneystacks in groups of three to five at gable and wallheads, with a great variety of ornamental carving. Crowstepped gables.

There are 19th century additions to north and west. Single-storey and basement to north with canted two-stage entrance bay at centre; single-storey and basement to west elevation without basement recess. Octagonal, crenellated towers closing each addition of two and three-stages, with hoodmoulded lancets, blind in upper stages. Rectangular porch projecting from canted bay to north, with angle buttresses and moulded pointed-arch doorway. Taller windows at ground floor. Stone mullioned tripartities to west elevation at principal floor level, flanking canted bay set off-centre to left. Piend roofs behind parapets; flat, leaded roof with conical skylights above projecting entrance bay. Small and square-pane glazing patterns to sash and case windows. Grey slates. Cast-and wrought-iron balcony across principal floor to south, on coped ashlar parapet with cast-iron columns and decorative railings.

Interior: outstanding 17th century decoration retained. The library (or King Charles s Room) contains the finest early-17th century plaster ceiling and a chimneypiece of large proportions bearing what was probably originally the pediment over the entrance door (moved in around 1805). The flue is thought to have belonged to the castle which stood on the site before the work in the 1620s. The drawing room, formerly the great hall of the castle, includes a similarly magnificent chimneypiece and strapwork plaster ceiling with fine strapwork plaster ceilings in the bedrooms with ornate panels. Stone wheel stairs. Tudor decoration to vaulted inner vestibule of 19th century addition; decorative plaster cavetto cornice to Dining Room, with apsidal ends; decoratively carved classical chimneypieces. Notable fittings and furnishings, much of an early date.

Gate to walled garden: probably 18th century. Decorative wrought-iron gate with wide side panels and overthrow crowned by fleur-de-lys finial; sited on south of garden.

Terrace and railings: squared and snecked sandstone terrace walls to south; round-arched Renaissance balustrade to east beyond octagonal pavilion. Summer pavilion with hoodmoulded lancets and slated ogival roof, linked to castle by further (different) balustrade parapet. Decorative cast and wrought-iron railings to terraces and to basement recesses at north.

Statement of Special Interest

Renaissance work commissioned by the 10th Lord Seton, extending and aggrandising a later 15th century castle and 19th century work commissioned by Colonel Hamilton. The work by William Wallace constitutes a landmark in the development of Scottish architecture after the union of the Crowns, standing as an early example of the style developed later at Heriot s Hospital, Edinburgh, and Argyll s Lodging, Stirling for example. The Setons were also the patrons of the outstanding work prior to Winton at Fyvie Castle and Pinkie House. The Laundry Cottage (LB18949), Stables (LB18951), the North Lodge (LB18950) and South Lodge, gates and gatepiers (LB18916 and LB18917 respectively) are listed separately. The walled garden by the stables is not included in the current listings, but the wrought-iron gate is included above.

Statutory address and listed building record revised in 2019. Previously listed as 'Winton House (formerly Castle) with Terraces Railings .

References

Bibliography

Canmore: http://canmore.org.uk/ CANMORE ID 54717

Country Life. 'Winton Castle: The Seat of Mrs Nisbet Hamilton Ogilvy', Country Life, 24 August 1912, pp.260-267.

Hannan, T. (1928) Famous Scottish Houses: The Lowlands. London: A & C Black, pp.193-196.

Maitland, R. (1829) The History of the House of Seytoun to the year M.D.LIX. Glasgow: Maitland Club, pp.74-5.

McWilliam, C. (1978) The Buildings of Scotland: Lothian except Edinburgh. London: Yale University Press, pp.472-74.

Ogilvy, F G A. (2000) Winton House, East Lothian: a guide. Pencaitland.

Small, J. (1883) The castles and mansions of the Lothians; illustrated in one hundred and four views with historical and descriptive accounts. Vol. II. Edinburgh: William Paterson.

The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland, Inventory no.136.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

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Printed: 28/03/2020 22:51