Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

ROBERTLAND, INCLUDING OUTBUILDINGS, COTTAGE AND WALLED GARDENLB18498

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
03/07/1980
Local Authority
East Ayrshire
Planning Authority
East Ayrshire
Parish
Stewarton
NGR
NS 44104 47046
Coordinates
244104, 647046

Description

Possibly David Hamilton, circa 1820. 2-storey, 3-bay symmetrical classical House, with mid 19th century 2-storey extension to rear (E). Sandstone ashlar, with raised, moulded architraves; painted to rear with contrasting raised, painted margins. Base course, cill courses, cornice, blocking course.

FURTHER DESCRIPTION: PRINCIPAL ELEVATION: central advanced pedimented bay. Shallow steps lead to central 2-leaf timber panelled entrance door with Doric-columned doorpiece. Floating cornices to windows at ground. Doric pilasters to outer aspects.

Predominantly 12-pane timber sash and case windows. Grey slates. Piended roofs, corniced wallhead stacks with decorative polygonal cans.

INTERIOR: (seen 2008). Original room plan largely extant. 4-pane timber doors, some simple cornicing.

OUTBUILDINGS: to E. Single-storey and attic 3-bay cottage with adjacent, long, single-storey outbuilding to N. Rubble, some painted, with raised margins. Predominately 4-pane sash and case timber windows. Grey slates, raised skews, ridge and gable stacks, some cans missing.

COTTAGE, FURTHER TO E, WITH FRONT ELEVATION FACING N: 2-storey, 4-bay, piended roofed. Rubble with raised cills. 12-pane sash and case timber windows to ground, small, 6-pane fixed windows to upper storey. 2-leaf boarded timber door. Wallhead stacks. Adjoins tall rubble wall to rear.

WALLED GARDEN: circa 0.8 acres. Virtually intact rubble wall incorporating a number of 16th century stones from the old Robertland castle, which lies to the South East (currently a Scheduled Monument). Stone over gateway to walled garden is inscribed with initials IR and AR (see Notes), with Royal Arms of Scotland. Another panel is inscribed 1597 with the Latin sentence VITA POST FINE ERAVERIT (there will be life after the end).

Statement of Special Interest

This is a good example of a small early 19th century estate which retains some elements of a previous castle to the south east. The principal elevation of the house has well-detailed Classical elements and good proportions. The estate retains some good outbuildings close to the house, in particular a little altered, piended roof cottage. Together with Robertland Lodge and Robertland Bridge (see separate listings) the house forms an important small estate group.

Robertland is noted as belonging to Sir John Hunter Blair in the 1st Statistical Account of Scotland of 1791-9. The 2nd Statistical Account of 1845, notes that the old castle of Robertland which was formerly the stronghold of the Cunninghams, Baronets of Robertland, are situated behind the modern mansion of Alexander Kerr, Esq of Robertland and James Paterson, in his History of the County of Ayr of 1852, notes that Robertland was purchased by Alexander Kerr at the beginning of the 19th century, probably around 1913. Alexander Kerr was a native of Stewarton who had spent many years in America and made his fortune in the tobacco trade. Davis (1991), suggests that the house may have been built by David Hamilton, the renowned and prolific Glasgow architect, but currently this has not been confirmed. The house has since passed through a number of owners.

In 1914, when the house was lying empty, two suffragettes broke in through the conservatory window which lay to the South, and set fire to the building. Only the front of the house was severely damaged and this was restored shortly afterwards. The Estate was sold in 1913 and consisted of 2,243 acres with 26 farms.

The initials IR and AR on one of the stones in the walled garden commemorates the marriage of James VI of Scotland to Anne of Denmark of 1589.

List description updated as part of Stewarton Parish resurvey, 2009.

References

Bibliography

John Ainslie, Map of Southern Scotland, 1821 (Robertland evidenced). 1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map, 1854-9. J Paterson, History of the County of Ayr, Vol II, 1852 P462. M Davis, The Castles and Mansions of Ayrshire, 1991, p360. First Statistical Account of Scotland, 1791-9, Vol 9, p378. 2nd Statistical Account of Scotland Vol V, 1845 p 733. Other information from Stewarton website, www.stewarton.org (accessed 30-07-08).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 12/11/2018 20:33