Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Last Date Amended
Local Authority
Argyll And Bute
Planning Authority
Argyll And Bute
North Bute
NS 7581 62066
207581, 662066


Circa 1824-1833. Row of four octagonal plan gatepiers at the entrance drive of Woodend House beside Loch Fad on the Isle of Bute. Ashlar with corniced caps surmounted by figurative busts. Vehicular access flanked by pedestrian gateways. From left to right, the busts are of Philip Massinger, William Shakespeare, Edmund Kean and David Garrick. Down-swept, iron gates (renewed 2001).

Statement of Special Interest

Woodend House and its ancillary buildings, including the gatepiers, were commissioned by the celebrated Shakespearean actor Edmund Kean, as a rural retreat. These striking gatepiers are an important ancillary component of Woodend estate, contributing to its architectural interest and also reflect the history of Woodend, through the tangible association with the first owner, Edmund Kean. Kean has represented himself alongside 18th century Shakespearean actor David Garrick, early 17th century dramatist Philip Massinger, and William Shakespeare (1564-1616). The gatepiers group well with the other listed buildings built by Kean on the Woodend estate between 1824 and 1833, including Woodend House, Woodend Cottages and Woodend Coach House (see separate listings).

Woodend House was built by Edmund Kean, the celebrated and notorious Shakespearean actor. Kean was known for his tumultuous lifestyle and following a scandal, which forced him to leave London, in 1824 he bought 22 acres of land on the west shore of Loch Fad, from the 2nd Marquess of Bute to build a rural retreat. On his death at the age of 44 in 1833 the house and estate was sold back to the Marquess of Bute.

Change to statutory address and update to listed building record (2015). Previously listed as 'Loch Fad, Woodend House, Gatelodge and Entrance Gateway'. The gate lodge was demolished in 2001.



Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland: CANMORE ID: 233593

Ordnance Survey. (published 1863) 25 inches to 1 Mile, 1st Edition. London: Ordnance Survey.

Wilson, J. (1848) Wilson s Guide to Rothesay and the Isle of Bute. Bute: J Wilson, p.116-117.

Munro, I. (1973) The Island of Bute. Newton Abbott: David and Charles, p.148-159.

Walker, F. & Sinclair, F. (1992) North Clyde Estuary: An Illustrated Architectural Guide. Edinburgh: Pillans and Wilson, p.165

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 16/06/2019 10:37