Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
Planning Authority
Perth And Kinross
Trinity Gask
NN 93178 16963
293178, 716963


Probably R & R Dickson, dated 1825. Rare survival of unusually well-detailed small estate Ice House with Tudor doorway and circular chamber with dome. Ashlar front with concave moulded, droved doorway facing driveway (E).

Statement of Special Interest

B group with Stable Block, Walled Garden with Formal Terraced Garden, South Gate and Monument.

This is a rare survival of a once prolific estate building type which became an important domestic feature. It is a key component part at Millearne and makes a significant contribution to the surviving group of estate buildings. The Ice House is set-back within rising ground overlooking the principal driveway and has a fine well-detailed entrance reflecting the Tudor Gothic estate style at Millearne. A watercourse on the opposite side of the driveway flows into the River Earn immediately south of the main gate.

The Ice House is attributed to R & R Dickson as they, together with John George Home Drummond, are though to have designed the now demolished Millearne House which was begun in 1821. Scotland was slow to adopt the new Tudor Gothic style with few earlier examples than Millearne.

Estate ice houses were commonly freestanding, and covered with either turf or thatch. Buxbaum quotes Sylvia Beamon and Susan Roaf writing in 1990, 'In Britain some three thousand were built, the majority in the period 1750-1875'. This example at Millearne is not sited near the stable block or walled garden as was common, but proximity to a watercourse on sloping ground was equally desirable particularly for drainage purposes. In spite of the increasing popularity of ice houses during the 19th century, when purer ice could be imported from America and Scandinavia, intact survivors are surprisingly rare.



Tim Buxbaum Icehouses (1992), p8. 1st and 2nd edition Ordnance Survey Maps (1859-64 and 1894). John Gifford The Buildings of Scotland Perth and Kinross (2007). Tim Buxbaum Scottish Garden Buildings From Food to Folly (1989) pp106-111. Alistair Rowan Country Life - Millearne, Perthshire I and II (24 February and 2 March 1972).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 20/04/2019 06:12