Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

WHITTINGEHAME TOWER, PAVILION LODGES AND GATEPIERS (E LODGE KNOWN AS GARDENER'S HOUSE)LB17502

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/02/1971
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
Whittingehame
NGR
NT 60133 73482
Coordinates
360133, 673482

Description

Early to mid 18th century, pair of Baroque gate lodges

and giant gatepiers, with E lodge altered probably circa

1820. Red sandstone ashlar, with squared and snecked

rubble later work. Small-pane glazing pattern to sash

and case windows; grey slates.

W LODGE: unaltered. Pedimented tripartite N elevation;

fluted pilasters with ashlar bands and egg and dart

capitals; architraved openings, with segmental pediment to

door at centre, and pedimented windows in outer bays

with panelled aprons. Metopes and triglyphs to frieze

with varied paterae and 3 heraldic crests above door.

Dentil cornice and pediment with oculus in apex. Urn

finials to apex and end dies. E elevation of 3 bays, with

fluted pilaster detailed as N elevation to right corner

and plain pilaster to left. Recessed bay at centre with

architraved tripartite window; outer bays blank. Frieze,

moulded cornice and blocking course. S elevation blank,

again with urn finials. Ridge ventilator.

E LODGE: N elevation identical to E Lodge. Other

elevations altered when made L-plan circa 1820. S

elevation in 3 wide ashlar bays; plain Doric pilasters

flanking door and to corners; pedimented porch with

Doric columns, at centre, with doorway set in recessed

panel. Minimal paterae to frieze; moulded cornice and

blocking course; urn finials to corners only. W elevation

in snecked masonry with 2 architraved windows grouped

towards S; eaves band course, moulded cornice and

blocking course. Moulded coping to ridge stacks.

Sections of retaining walls at right angles, adjoined to

Lodge at NE.

GATEPIERS: pair of large, square red sandstone ashlar

Baroque gatepiers, with ornamented urn finial, set

directly between lodges.

Each with paired attached Doric columns to N side on

bases, blank E and W sides; round arched keystoned

niche to S, with swag carved below and floral swags

above. Dentilled and moulded cornice.

Statement of Special Interest

W Lodge currently in poor condition. The group

introduced the avenue to Whittingehame Tower, currently

out of service. The early 18th century date seems the

more probable, when the commission would have come from

William Hay of Drumelzier who inherited the estate in

1695, and could have occurred upto 1726, when he died.

Similarities with William Adam's designs for Mavisbank

in 1723 place him in a strong position as author

of the Whittingehame work. The mid 18th century date would

suggest that pattern books had been consulted, such as James

Gibbs RULES FOR DRAWING THE SEVERAL PARTS OF ARCHITECTURE

(1732), or any one of a series of publications of Inigo

Jones designs, by William Kent, Isaac Ware and John

Vardy: the patron would probably be Alexander Hay, who

succeeded William's widow in 1752. The estate plan of 1759

(RHP.2515) shows the Lodges completed. The estate plans

also indicate quadrant walls, though in 2 different

positions; that of 1759 gives a shallow curve to S, possibly

linked to gatepiers, while that of 1871 indicates a bold

northward curve, in no way connected to the piers.

References

Bibliography

SRO Whittingehame Estate Plans RHP.2515 and RHP.2522.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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