Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
NT 42463 52145
342463, 652145


17th century with 19th century additions, possibly incorporating fabric of 15th century tower (E wing - see Notes). 2-storey and garret, T-plan, crowstep-gabled former laird's house comprising rectangular block with later central wing projecting to S. Whitewashed harled rubble with pink and buff-coloured sandstone dressings. Irregular fenestration with chamfered margins. Piend-roofed dormers breaking eaves.

FURTHER DESCRIPTION: S ELEVATION: advanced gabled wing to centre of S elevation with fairly regular fenestration to gable and timber door to left (W) return. 2-storey canted window with blocking course to left; 2 dormers above. Half-glazed timber door to right; stone-mullioned bipartite and single dormer above. E wing gable with asymmetrical crowstep (see Notes) and recessed at N (rear) elevation. Irregularly fenestrated with 3 dormers breaking eaves to right.

INTERIOR: kitchen to ground floor with remains of substantial stone fireplace. Former parlour with 18th Century timber panelling to ceiling height. 17th century moulded door surround at ground floor connecting 19th Century S gable wing. Stone turnpike stair rising full height providing sole access to principal rooms on 1st floor.

Predominantly 2 and 4-pane glazing to timber sash and case windows. Grey slate. Coped end stacks and further co-axial ridge stack towards E end. Clay cans. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

Statement of Special Interest

Old Crookston House is a significant and interesting survival of a substantial 17th century lairds house. It was extended in the 19th Century in a manner that emulates the older fabric, retaining the sense of an homogenous and coherent whole. Its character is predominantly defined by its small window openings, crow-stepped gables and vertical emphasis. The building occupies a prominent site on high ground overlooking the Gala valley.

It is understood that Crookston was acquired by John de Borthwick, younger son of 1st Lord Borthwick, in 1446. Old Crookston was the Borthwick's principal residence until superseded in 1817 by New Crookston House built 0.5 km to the S (see separate listing). It remains in the ownership of the Borthwick family.

The fabric of the E wing suggests that part of an earlier structure is incorporated within the 17th century section. The ground floor chamber here was originally barrel-vaulted and has noticeably thicker walls and truncated crowsteps at NE angle. The Buildings of Scotland: Borders volume notes that this may have been part of a 15th or early 16th century tower house.

In 17th century, the house probably had three main rooms at each floor with kitchen at ground floor centre. The ground floor room to W was refurbished during the 18th century with fielded panelling of that period. The Roy Military Map of 1755 gives an idea of the formal layout of the gardens and grounds at that time.

The house was remodelled circa 1860 emulating the architecture of the older building with the central S-wing addition and bay window to left flank.

List description updated as part of Stow Parish resurvey (2009).



William Roy Military Survey Map (1747-55). 1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map (1853). Morton Fraser Milligan, Crookston Old House, Heriot, Borders -Letting Particulars (copy with RCAHMS). N Tranter, The Fortified House in Scotland Vol.1 (1970) p102-3. Kitty Cruft, John Dunbar and Richard Fawcett, The Buildings of Scotland: Borders (2006), p204.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 25/04/2019 17:06