Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

FORT GEORGELB1721

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/10/1971
Supplementary Information Updated
19/03/2018
Local Authority
Highland
Planning Authority
Highland
Parish
Ardersier
NGR
NH 76079 56674
Coordinates
276079, 856674

Description

William Skinner, 1747. Contractor, William Adam (d. 1748) and subsequently John Adam.

Symmetrical plan; roughly triangular fortified complex encompassing 42 acres (17.2 hectares) of west facing spit of land projecting into Moray Firth enclosed by ramparts with various bastions, bartizans etc. All building of the highest quality dressed red rubble with contrasting polished and tooled ashlar (yellow sandstone from Covesea, Hopeman) and some brick (fired on site).

Principal entrance with massive ashlar frontispiece and double leaf studded gates (1766) opening into arcaded vestibule. Symmetrical ranges flanking road aligned down centre of court from main entrance (east) to chapel (west). "Artillery" and "Staff" blocks (1762-66) containing Governor s House, officers quarters and museum; Barracks (1757-64) forming hollow square; Clock Tower block with centre piend; Chapel 1763-67.

Statement of Special Interest

Guardianship Monument. Constructed to replace the 1st Fort George in Inverness damaged in 1745 rebellion. Inverness site too constricted so Ardersier chosen instead. The design for the principal entrance was intended for Ft George, Inverness but carried out without change at Ardersier. Scheduled Monument.

One of two known dog cemeteries, the resting place of regimental mascots and officers dogs, associated with a garrison in Scotland

Description and Statement of Special Interest updated 2018.

References

Bibliography

NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT, xiv (1841), p.471.

George Hay, THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE SCOTTISH POST-REFORMATION CHURCHES 1600-1843 (1957), p.259.

Iain MacIvor, FORT GEORGE (HMSO guide 1970)

Stewart Cruden, THE SCOTTISH CASTLE (1960, 3rd ed. 1981), pp. 242-45.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Fort George

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/fort-george

Find out more

Related Designations

  1. Fort GeorgeSM6692

    Designation Type
    Scheduled Monument
    Status
    Designated

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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