Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

MACHERMORE CASTLELB17066

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
04/11/1971
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Parish
Minnigaff
NGR
NX 41756 64441
Coordinates
241756, 564441

Description

Possibly late 16th to early 17th century in origin; earlier fabric incorporated in late 19th century Baronial remodelling with additions and alterations; modern additions. Asymmetrical plan. 4-storey, with 3rd floor breaking eaves, original square-plan tower and late 19th century garden elevation; 3-storey and basement late 19th century addition to E; 2-storey, with 1st floor breaking eaves, service wing to N. Coursed rubble, lightly rendered on original tower; red sandstone ashlar dressings. Chamfered margins. Ashlar mullions. Smooth margin drafts and angle margins, stugged rybats and lintels. Long and short quoins.

E (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: late 19th century. Square entrance tower to right; chamfered angles to E, corbelled to square just below corbelled and crenellated parapet; roll-moulded segmental-arched doorway, with deep-set double-leaf door; bipartite window at 1st and 2nd floors. Gabled bay slightly recessed to left; corniced and crenellated canted window at ground floor, continued down to basement with dividing band course and decorative cast-iron basement guard (damaged); bipartite window at 1st floor; window at 2nd floor; thistle-finialled gable truncated by circular bartizan to left; with window to SE and conical roof. Circular turret set on roof behind entrance tower, with window to S, eaves cornice, conical roof and weather vane. Terrace wall, running E, adjoined to left.

N ELEVATION: entrance tower to left, with bipartite window at ground floor, window at basement, 1st and 2nd floors, NW angle above wallhead chamfered and corbelled to square; lower bay adjoined flush to right; wall, running N, adjoined to left of tower. Tripartite stair window to right and transom; 2 windows at basement. Gabled jamb adjoined to right, forming L-plan; door at basement and window to each floor, dormerhead at 3rd floor, to left return; 2-storey service wing adjoined to N gable.

S ELEVATION: 4-bay to 1st floor and attic, with irregularly sized windows and irregularly disposed windows below; original tower in 2 bays to left, with wallhead raised in late 19th century; late 19th century addition flush to right; modern flat-roofed 2-storey wing adjoined to left. 4 dormerheaded windows at 3rd floor (late 19th century).

Original tower: 2 windows to right at ground floor; 3 windows at 1st floor; 2 windows at 2nd floor. Circular bartizan to left (late 19th century), with window to SW and conical roof; bartizan to right. 2-bay addition to right: 2-storey corniced and crenellated tripartite rectangular window bridging bays, with garden door and window above to left return, windows to right return and dividing string course; bipartite windows at 2nd floor.

W ELEVATION: U-plan, formed by origingal tower to right, and service wing to left. Original tower: bartizan to right to W gable and window to right of centre at 2nd floor, above adjoining modern wing; shouldered wallhead stack to N return and 2-storey modern addition. 3 bays to W: nepus gable at centre, with stack and bipartite window; 2-storey modern addition in right bay; regularly disposed fenestration, bipartite window at centre at 2nd floor.

SERVICE WING: late 19th century, clasped by modern single storey additions to N, W and S. 2 windows in gablehead to E; modern window slapped at ground. 4 dormerheaded windows to N, bipartite in bay to left of centre; 3 later small windows inserted. 3 dormerheaded windows to S, converted to door to left; window to right at ground floor. Gablehead stacks and centre stack; coped skews. Plate glass glazing in sash and case windows, some 8-pane glazing, some modern glazing; coloured margins to stair window. Saw-tooth skews. Coped stacks, gablehead to W, ridge at centre to S roof. Fish-scale slates and leaded finials to conical roofs. Graded grey slates. Some original rainwater goods.

TERRACE WALL AND STAIRCASE: rubble wall, adjoined to SE of house, with balustraded staircase down to garden to S. Red sandstone corniced coping and urns (several missing). Glasshouse adjoined to wall to E of staircase.

Statement of Special Interest

Machermore Castle was originally built by Peter McDowall. There is a sketch of the early tower in M'Kerlie's HISTORY OF THE LANDS AND THEIR OWNERS IN GALLOWAY (p 445). The tower was enlarged to the E sometime between 1878 and 1894. Machermore Castle has been used as a residential home since 1954.

References

Bibliography

OS Map 1849-50, Kirkcudbright, Sheet 35. P H M'Kerlie HISTORY OF THE LANDS AND THEIR OWNERS IN GALLOWAY Vol IV (1878) pp 433-446. OS Map 1894, Kirkcudbright, Sheet XXXIX NW.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 06/12/2019 01:41