Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Group Category Details
100000020 - 34-35, 37
Date Added
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 42224 66032
242224, 566032


1719 origin, remodelled in late 18th century; early 19th century service additions; additions and alterations by Peddie and Washington Br

owne, 1907. 2 and 3-storey and basement mansion house. Harled; painted ashlar dressings. Architraved windows, 1907; corniced at 1st floor; lugged with festooned swan-neck pediments and aprons to taller windows at ground floor. Bracketted cills, corniced at ground and 1st floors. Eaves cornice and blocking course. Piended roofs.


S (FORMER ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: 3-bay. Canted bay at centre; oversailing balustraded steps to French window (former entrance) with consoled broken-pediment at centre; regularly disposed fenestration, except under steps. Regularly disposed fenestration in outer bays, except boarded door at basement in bay to right.

W ELEVATION: bowed bay, with 3 windows to each floor, except modern door at basement at centre. Lower early 19th century service wing to left, with 2-storey modern linking block.

E (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: bowed bay of remodelled 1719 house to left. Early 19th century 2-storey and basement, 2-bay block at centre: Ionic columned portico (probably 1907) advanced in bay to left, with low balustrade and later ball finials; Ionic pilasters flanking lugged segmental-arched doorway, with cartouched mask on architrave above and fanlight; narrow window to each bay at 1st floor. 1907 additions to right: 3-storey and basement octagonal tower with 5 faces exposed: similarly detailed, with corniced cill courses, aprons to windows at 1st and 2nd floors, and moulded panels to corniced parapet; window to N and E at basement; lugged architraves to windows at 1st floor, blind to NW; keystoned round-arched windows to 5 faces at 2nd floor, blind to N, blank face to NW; 2-storey range to right, raised from single storey, with string course between floors; 2 segmental-arched openings to left at ground floor, 3 windows to centre and right; window and bipartite window to left at 1st floor, tripartite window at centre and window to right; window to E to 1st floor; door to W and blind arrow-slits to each face at ground floor.

N ELEVATION: 2-storey octangonal tower to left; piended block to left forming L-plan to right with service wings. 2 windows at 1st and 2nd floors of house to left.

Plate glass glazing, with 2-pane upper sashes, in sash and case windows. Corniced and banded ridge stacks. Grey-green slates; purple slates to service wings. Some octagonal cans. Cast-iron rainwater goods. INTERIOR: broken-pedimented tripartite architrave to internal door. Timber balustrade to quarter-turn stair; timber scrolled pediment and architrave to transomed tripartite stair window, with leaded glazing and stained glass roundels to upper panels; 3-bay timber gallery to staircase.

Former site of the Hermitage to S of house, marked by sandstone round-arched stone inscribed "Hermitage 1844" (?) and "Houlet's Nest 17 Jany 1849".

Statement of Special Interest

Kirroughtree was the seat of the Herons. The estate was disentialed in 1883 and sold in 1889. Kirroughtree House is now a hotel.

According to TDGNHAS, "Rober Heron passed here in 1792, and refers to it as "a large house modernized and repaired with additions within these last fifteen or twenty years".

The Hermitage, a summer house, described in TDGNHAS and Kinna, was situated to the S of Kirroughtree House. Kinna described it as a "secluded and romantic building" which "contained many antique curiousities". The heraldic stone, now situated in the Old Parish Church (see separate listing), was removed from the Old Church in the mid 19th century and placed above the mantelpiece in the Hermitage; the stone was returned to its original position when the Hermitage became ruinous.

Robert Burns visited Kirroughtree in June 1794. He wrote an "Inscription for an Altar of Independence", subtitled "At Kerroughtree, the seat of Mr Heron" (1795), and "Ballads on Mr Heron:s Election, 1795" for Patrick Heron; he also wrote "The Flowery Banks of Cree" ("Here is the Glen") (1794) to a tune composed by Elizabeth Heron.

B Group with former Kirroughtee Stables; Doocot; Ice House (see separate listings).



P H M'Kerlie HISTORY OF THE LANDS AND THEIR OWNERS IN GALLOWAY Vol IV (1878) pp417-433. SRO RHP 3338 "Particulars and Plans of the Estate of Kirroughtree" (1888). J G Kinna HISTORY OF THE PARISH OF MINNIGAFF (1904) pp104-105. Peddie and Washington Browne plans, 1907 (546, 1870). Postcard, circa 1908, NMRS (B27239).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 25/04/2019 15:39