Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 41334 66953
241334, 566953


Circa 1800. 3-storey former waulk-mill. Converted to residential use, circa 1971. Whinstone rubble; granite quoins and rybats.

E (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: 4-bay (2-1-1). Stone forestair, with iron balustrade, to door at 1st floor in bay to right of centre. Regularly disposed fenestration, except at ground floor in bay to left; larger windows at 1st floor.

W (PENKILN BURN) ELEVATION: 5-bay. Near-regularly disposed fenestration at ground and 1st floors, later openings sited lower in centre bay and in bays to right of centre and in bay to outer left at 2nd floor. Blocked mill race to right. Adjoined to Queen Mary's Bridge (see separate listing) to SW.

S ELEVATION: window to 1st and 2nd floors at centre.

N ELEVATION: lean-to former dye-house adjoined, raised from single storey and altered, slightly canted in to right; door to left and garage door to right to E; small window to right of centre to N.

Variety of small-pane glazing, mainly 12-pane glazing in sash and case windows. Coped skews. Granite stack to N. Grey slates.

INTERIOR: timber and cast-iron overshot water-wheel, gearing and trough preserved in basement. 2 cast-iron dyeing vats in dye-house

Rubble remains of earlier waulk mill to N.

Statement of Special Interest

Previously listed as "The Waulkmill (former Cumloden Mill)". Cumloden Waulkmill was converted for residential use circa 1971. Spinning and weaving for the manufacture of blankets and plaiding was undertaken here until the early 1920s. The main driving machinery was located in the basement of the mill, with vertical and horizontal gearing transmitting power directly from the wheel to the upper floors. The spinning machinery was located on the first floor; the loom-shop was situated in the attic, which originally housed handlooms and later small power looms. The dye-house was situated in the lean-to.

The current waulk-mill replaced an earlier waulk-mill, the remains of which are situated to the N; the earlier waulkmill is marked on Timothy Pont's "Gallovidia" map of 1654 and on John Ainslie's "Map of the County of Wigton" of 1782.

Donnachie describes the site as "probably one of the most complete and best-preserved textile sites in Galloway".



NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT Vol IV (1845) Kirkcudbright, p138. GALLOWAY GLIMPSES (1903) pp128-129. I Donnachie THE INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF GALLOWAY (1971) pp53, 67, 70, 73, 220. J R Hume THE INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF SCOTLAND Vol I (1976) p154.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 20/03/2019 00:55