Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 41334 66953
241334, 566953


Circa 1800. 3-storey former waulk-mill. Converted to residential use, circa 1971. Whinstone rubble; granite quoins and rybats.

E (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: 4-bay (2-1-1). Stone forestair, with iron balustrade, to door at 1st floor in bay to right of centre. Regularly disposed fenestration, except at ground floor in bay to left; larger windows at 1st floor.

W (PENKILN BURN) ELEVATION: 5-bay. Near-regularly disposed fenestration at ground and 1st floors, later openings sited lower in centre bay and in bays to right of centre and in bay to outer left at 2nd floor. Blocked mill race to right. Adjoined to Queen Mary's Bridge (see separate listing) to SW.

S ELEVATION: window to 1st and 2nd floors at centre.

N ELEVATION: lean-to former dye-house adjoined, raised from single storey and altered, slightly canted in to right; door to left and garage door to right to E; small window to right of centre to N.

Variety of small-pane glazing, mainly 12-pane glazing in sash and case windows. Coped skews. Granite stack to N. Grey slates.

INTERIOR: timber and cast-iron overshot water-wheel, gearing and trough preserved in basement. 2 cast-iron dyeing vats in dye-house

Rubble remains of earlier waulk mill to N.

Statement of Special Interest

Previously listed as "The Waulkmill (former Cumloden Mill)". Cumloden Waulkmill was converted for residential use circa 1971. Spinning and weaving for the manufacture of blankets and plaiding was undertaken here until the early 1920s. The main driving machinery was located in the basement of the mill, with vertical and horizontal gearing transmitting power directly from the wheel to the upper floors. The spinning machinery was located on the first floor; the loom-shop was situated in the attic, which originally housed handlooms and later small power looms. The dye-house was situated in the lean-to.

The current waulk-mill replaced an earlier waulk-mill, the remains of which are situated to the N; the earlier waulkmill is marked on Timothy Pont's "Gallovidia" map of 1654 and on John Ainslie's "Map of the County of Wigton" of 1782.

Donnachie describes the site as "probably one of the most complete and best-preserved textile sites in Galloway".



NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT Vol IV (1845) Kirkcudbright, p138. GALLOWAY GLIMPSES (1903) pp128-129. I Donnachie THE INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF GALLOWAY (1971) pp53, 67, 70, 73, 220. J R Hume THE INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF SCOTLAND Vol I (1976) p154.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 25/08/2019 07:45