Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Removed


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Date Added
Date Removed:
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 00379 53391
200379, 553391

Removal Reason

Dual designation



Early 16th century, with mid-16th century addition. L-plan castle. cliff-edge promontory site; NE landward elevation cut off by moat; causeway gives access. Rubble with pinnings.

Early 16th century L-plan towerhouse to SE; turrets to E corners. Higher advanced SW section; extruded corner; 3 empty frames for armorial panels. Ground floor: entrance at SW extruded corner; short tunnel-vaulted passage. To E, another vaulted passage W of main block; 2 narrow vaulted cellars to SW; broad scale-and platt stair to 1st floor. 2 larger vaulted stores to SE main block; N store windowless; turnpike stair to SE corner of S store (probably a wine cellar). 1st floor dominated by main hall; fireplace to N of W wall. 2 rooms to 2nd floor; off-centred fireplaces to gables. 1 room to each upper floor of advanced SW section.

Mid-16th rectangular-plan wing to N. E elevation wall formed earlier defensive wall. SE causeway entrance forms single opening at E ground floor. 2 windowless vaulted stores entered from courtyard (N store via a passage). 1 room to upper floor; off-centre fireplace to S. Large openings at 1st floor to E, N and W.

Statement of Special Interest

SCHEDULED MONUMENT. Belonged to the Adairs of Kinhilt. The narrow N wing was probably built as part of the additions said to have been made by Hugh, 1st Viscount Montgomery of the Great Ardes (who had acquired Dunskey in 1620).



D MacGibbon and T Ross THE CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND VOL III (1887-92), pp507-511; RCAHMS INVENTORY FOR COUNTY OF WIGTOWN (1912), pp138-141; Photograph (Stranraer Library/Gwa4, circa 1913; J Gifford DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY (1996), pp293-294; J D Mackenzie and R R Cunningham OLD PORTPATRICK (1997), p27.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 28/09/2022 03:20