Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

EAST WEMYSS, MAIN STREET, ST MARY'S BY-THE-SEA (FORMER PARISH CHURCH) INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALLS, GATEPIERS AND GATESLB16704

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
11/12/1972
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Parish
Wemyss
NGR
NT 34025 96759
Coordinates
334025, 696759

Description

Probably 1528; transeptal N and S aisles 1659; bellcote dated 1693; reworked by Robert Burn, 1810-11; crowstepped hall to NE dated 1928; converted to recording studio and house, 1985. Cruciform-plan, crowstepped former church with birdcage bellcote and Gothic and Tudor details. Harled with ashlar dressings. Round-arched door; traceried windows; blind quatrefoils; hoodmoulds; stone transoms and mullions.

N (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: broad, cross-finialled gable to right of centre with door and flanking bipartite windows at ground, hoodmoulded, 8-light transomed and mullioned window at 2nd stage with quatrefoil immediately above. Lower gable of hall to left with door to centre and windows in flanking bays.

E ELEVATION: single bay chancel projecting to centre with blocked round-arched door below hoodmoulded 6-light transomed and mullioned window, with oculus immediately above; return to left with bipartite windows to 1st and 2nd stages (that to ground blocked) at left, moulded panel to left and traceried window with 2 ogee-headed lights (blocked) to right of chancel projection; return to right with stone forestair leading to loft entrance in re-entrant angle. Recessed face to left of centre with large 4-light transomed and mullioned window (lower lights blocked) to right. Later hall with wide 4-light window projecting from recessed face to right of centre.

S ELEVATION: broad gable with blocked door flanked by bipartite windows to ground, and hoodmoulded 8-light transomed and mullioned window with quatrefoil immediately above in gablehead.

W ELEVATION: advanced gable to centre corbelled in over 1st stage; hoodmoulded, pointed-arch, traceried window (blocked) to 2nd stage and birdcage bellcote in gablehead; small bipartite window (blocked) on return to right, and similar window (also blocked) with adjacent door to right on return to left. Hoodmoulded, 4-light transomed and mullioned window to each flanking recessed face, that to right with lower lights blocked, and that to left with lower right light blocked.

Multi-pane leaded glazing to transomed windows including some upper lights of blocked windows, except E elevation (centre and right bays) with plate glass glazing in modern windows. Grey slates. Ashlar-coped skews.

INTERIOR: not seen 1998.

BOUNDARY WALLS, GATEPIERS AND GATES: ashlar-coped rubble boundary walls with square-section coped harled gatepiers and iron gates with arch.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building no longer is use as such. Originally rectangular in plan, the church was probably virtually rebuilt in 1528, with further upgrading in 1792 and 181O. After the Reformation the chancel became the Wemyss Aisle, at which time the round-arched door was probably added. The Robert Burn alterations included the addition of rectangular Tudor windows and probably the hoodmould over the W window. The Fife Free Press reported in 1893 that "after extensive repair and complete beautifying" Wemyss Parish Church was re-opened. The expense for this work was met by Mr Wemyss of Wemyss Castle, and Mr Tod was Clerk of Works. Until recently the bellcote had a weathervane in the shape of a swan (the Wemyss crest). The graveyard is listed separately, category 'B'.

References

Bibliography

OSA. NSA. TSA. Groome's GAZETTEER Vol VI, p478. Hay POST REFORMATION CHURCHES. Gifford FIFE p203, (1992). FIFE FREE PRESS (30.9.1893).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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