Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NO 36619 4849
336619, 704849


Dated 1830. Small 2-storey and attic, 3-bay, rectangular-plan classical villa with pedimented centre bay, Ionic portico and enclosed single storey courtyard to rear. Fine Adamesque oval hall. Squared and coursed rock-faced rubble with contrasting ashlar dressings; snecked rubble to courtyard. Base and 1st floor cill courses, eaves cornice and blocking course. Segmental-headed door, round-headed window panels. Voussoirs.

SE (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: Ionic portico with tablet to entablature and 3 steps up to broad panelled timber door with narrow flanking lights and semicircular fanlight, windows in recessed round-headed panels to flanking bays and regular fenestration to 1st floor, small glazed oculus in tympanum.

SW ELEVATION: 3 windows to each floor; 3 further windows to single storey bay to outer left.

NE ELEVATION: mirrors W elevation, but with bipartite window to centre at 1st floor.

NW (COURTYARD) ELEVATION: centre bay with broad gateway, slightly recessed segmental-headed cart arch with 2-leaf boarded timber gate, and flanking pedestrian doorways, that to left with boarded timber door, that to right blocked; deep coped course breaking eaves above, and sturdy outer stacks. Flanking blank piended bays.

INNER COURTYARD ELEVATIONS: datestone over cart entrance; variety of openings to side elevations including louvered door; rear of house with advanced centre bay, blinded outer windows and partly-obscured centre window to 1st floor, and lower 2-storey rubble bay projecting to centre.

Plate glass glazing in timber sash and case windows, those to ground S fixed; 12- and 16- pane glazing patterns to single storey elevations. Grey slates. Coped ashlar stacks

INTERIOR: good decorative scheme surviving. Includes, full-height oval hall with 8 lugged, architraved doorways and bowed doors to ground floor; curving stair (off hall) with decorative cast-iron balusters returning to oval landing with round-headed niches and domed ceiling with decoratively-astragalled lantern. Marble, stone and timber fireplaces; decorative architraves to doors (reeded); decorative plasterwork cornices and panelled ceilings; panelled dadoes and shutters. Small vaulted cellar with 'Musgrave's of London and Belfast' patent boiler.

Statement of Special Interest

According to Cunningham, Kilmux Estate was divided in the mid 18th century, but again united in 1832 by James Blyth Fernie (1798-1858) an agricultural improver who was also responsible for the nearby 'model' farm steading. In 1862 Kilmux belonged to David Johnston Macfie, and by 1875 Kilmux House with offices, garden, lodge, coachman's house and farm were the property of David Ritchie of Edinburgh. All estate buildings are built with stone from Kilmux Quarry. The walled garden, lodge house, farmhouse and steading are all listed separately.



NSA, p272. Groome's GAZETTEER VOL IV, p382. Millar FIFE PICTORIAL AND HISTORICAL (1895), p45. A S Cunningham RAMBLES IN THE PARISHES OF SCOONIE AND WEMYSS (1905), p122. Valuation Rolls (1875-6). Information courtesy of owner. Westwood's FIFESHIRE DIRECTORY (1862).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 20/04/2019 05:59