Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

WEST WEMYSS, CHAPEL GARDEN INCLUDING HOUSE (RUIN), SEA WALL AND TOWERS, WEMYSS BURIAL ENCLOSURE AND HOUSELB16671

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
11/12/1972
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Parish
Wemyss
NGR
NT 31925 94660
Coordinates
331925, 694660

Description

HOUSE (RUIN):

16th century. Remains of 4-storey and garret, rectangular-plan house with round stair tower with door and small window to SE, arrowslit to SE and corbelled out to square at garret with gabletted crowstepped gable and small window. Coursed and some squared rubble with band course. W wall severely eroded.

SEA WALL AND TOWERS:

16th century. Flat-coped rubble wall with bastion and tall 2-stage tower to W, former dovecot to E, and series of grilled arches flanking gateway.

W TOWER: tall 1st stage with small opening near to ground at E leading to low chamber and window to S; band course giving way to 2nd stage with windows to E and E and corbel course below turret roof.

E TOWER: former dovecot with small bipartite window close to eaves below corbel course and turret roof.

WALL WITH BASTION: rubble wall to W between W tower and bastion; rubble wall to E (between bastion and E tower) surmounted by series of grilled arches flanking pedestrian gateway with stepped cope.

WEMYSS BURIAL ENCLOSURE:

Square-plan ashlar gatepiers flanking decorative wrought-iron gates by Robert Lorimer, and inset stone (EMW 1670); modern wall with sculptured panels flanking entrance and 17th century sundial mounted on SW pier (these being placed here for preservation). Upright, re-used headstone (of Burntisland stone) marking communal grave of Wemyss Family remains transferred from St Mary's-by-the-Sea, East Wemyss. Later, individual graves marked with simple crosses of Carrera marble.

HOUSE:

Early 19th century. Small, single storey, 3-bay, rectangular-plan house with central stack, bowed bays to SE and SW. Harled with painted margins. Base and eaves courses.

S (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: symmetrical. 2-leaf, part-glazed timber door with 5-pane fanlight to centre bay, and wide-centre tripartite windows to flanking bays.

8- and 12-pane glazing pattern in timber sash and case windows. Grey slates. Coped ashlar stack with cans. Deeply overhanging eaves.

Statement of Special Interest

Property of Wemyss Estate Trustees. Chapel Garden was originally the site of the 14th century St Mary's Chapel. The ruined house and sea wall were probably erected in 1536 when Sir Patrick Jackson, chaplain, invested ?1000 in the 'chapel and manse'. At this time the chapel is recorded as having a dovecot (see above) and its own saltpan. No longer used after the Reformation, the chapel was converted, in 1627, to a residence when David, Lord Elcho (later 2nd Earl of Wemyss) married the Honourable Anna Balfour, they lived here for twelve years during which time a fine garden was created. The current house (to the W) was built on the site of an earlier house belonging to Admiral Wemyss; and the family remains were moved to the burial enclosure from the former Wemyss Parish Church, St Mary's By-the-Sea in East Wemyss.

References

Bibliography

Information courtesy of Mr Charles Tod. RCAHMS Inventory FIFE 537 and 542. Wemyss Environmental Education Centre CHAPEL SHORE TRAIL (1986). Cameron and Johnston WEST WEMYSS A VILLAGE TALE (1995).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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