Listed Building

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HADDO HOUSELB16470

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
16/04/1971
Local Authority
Aberdeenshire
Planning Authority
Aberdeenshire
Parish
Methlick
NGR
NJ 86853 34753
Coordinates
386853, 834753

Description

Originally: designed by William Adam carried out with detail alterations and sculpture by John Baxter, 1731-6.

Centre block. 77' square 3-storey ashlar granite with quoin angles: 7-window facades E & W., astylar, that on W. has centre 3 slightly advanced and pedimented with urns, piend roof with parapet. 24' radius quadrants to 2-storey quoined rubble-built wings, 5-window to front and court. 1st floor of wings heightened 1780; 1st floor of quadrants probably of same date (evidence of having been heightened twice).

Internal alterations (including replacement of staircase from 1st to 2nd floor) and E. external stairs Archibald Simpson 1822. Kitchen court with entrance archway and cupola alterations to wings, J. & W. Smith 1843. Large aisleless early decorated chapel with wooden barrel roof, vaulted ante-chapel and stair to 1st floor of N. wing G.E. Street 1876-81.

Porch and colonnade with red granite R-doric columns on W. elevation (replacing original curved stairs to 1st) on W. elevation, bay windows N. & S. centres of main block, new internal staircase from ground to 1st and general replanning of main floor, renewal of chimneys, rebuilding of kitchen court arch (retaining cupola) and rebuilding of S. side of kitchen court as nursery wing (demolished after fire damage 1930) C. E. Wardrop of Wardrop and Reid 1879-81 with fine neo-Adam interior work by Wright and Mansfield of London.

Of the Adam-Baxter interior work the old 1st floor centre W. entrance hall survives with addition of 1845 bust of Queen Victoria by Baron Marochetti, and of Simpson's the staircase.

Statement of Special Interest

Note:- Hussey does not seem to be right in thinking that the house was built with parapets. They do not appear to the engraving in the General View of Aberdeenshire (1811) nor in the estate plan 1815. At these dates a central cupola is also shown: the quadrants had been raised to 2-storey but not to their present height.

The 1815 plan also shows W. forecourt gates (see item 20). The parapets appear in a photograph of 1860 by which date the Quadrants had been raised to their present height; and the original W. stairs had been rebuilt with 3 arches instead of the original 2 windows and centre door. These alterations were probably Simpson the Smith work at Haddo is mentioned in his obituary and also in the A.P.S.D. but which Haddo is not specified.

Haddo (Forgue) was also recast c. 1835. However the drawings for the kitchen court and cupola (which Hussey thought c. 1780) appear to be Smith draughtsmanship and calligraphy.

The laundry and several of the lodges are also suggestive of their hand.

The chapel is affiliated to the Scottish Episcopal Church.

References

Bibliography

N.S.A. v. 12 p 967 (given as by John Baxter) Fleming, Adam & his Circle p 56-7.

A.P.S.D.

Christopher Hussey in Country Life Aug 18/25 1966; Forman, Scottish Country Houses and Castles p 134;

Balfour Life of 4th Earl of Aberdeen; E. B. Elliott, Memoir of Lord Haddo;

G. M. Fraser, in Archibald Simpson and his Times (Notes and Queries 1918) refers to drawings dated 1822 for alterations at Haddo being in his office at his death.

Reminiscenses of Lord and Lady Aberdeen. Vitruvius Scoticus, plans not quite as carried out, string course, sculpture, and octagon pediment window. Plans at Haddo House:- Drawings for stairs unsigned, undated, style of Simpson's office with diluted inks and characteristic lettering.

Drawings for Kitchen Court and Cupola (unsigned, undated) and alterations to a wing (unsigned dated 1843) draughtsmanship and calligraphy typical of the Smith Office.

Drawings by G. E. Street for chapel (with large size details).

Drawings by Wardrop and Reid for 1879-81 alterations.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

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