Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NJ 75445 50532
375445, 850532


TOWER HOUSE: 1570-79, L-plan, 69' x 41' main jamb 4-storey

(ground floor has dungeon mezzanine) and attic, wing 5-storey

and cape-house. Harled, wing retains corbelled ashlar parapet

with bartizans, upper part of main jamb has crowstepped gables,

perhaps as result of late change of plan, or perhaps as result

of repairs in 1597 following damage in 1594. Interior: main jamb

has entrance passage with groin vaulted vestibule at original

entrance on E side, main part vaulted in 2 compartments, hall

in S, guard room and dungeon over in N; circular turnpike stair

centre of S side; wing vaulted in one compartment. 1st floor; rib-vaulted solar in wing, hall remodelled as ballroom c 1830,

North Drawing Room about same date; Tulip Room and Painted Room

at 2nd and 3rd in wing have painted ceilings of 1597, Tulip Room

retains beams only.

N re-entrant angle infilled at ground and 1st floors 18th

century further 2nd and 3rd floor additions 19th century,

baronial S porch and ballroom bay window c 1850, perhaps by

A & W Reid.

WINGS: semi-elliptical rusticated arches probably c 1768,

originally open, perhaps as in-and-out gates for courtyard,

now removed; extended as fanciful symmetrical gothick

composition later 18th century, 2 single-storey wings with

3 ogee-headed windows having cross finials, dining-room (also

known as 'The Chapel') W wing, kitchen in E wing; short

screen walls with buttresses, pinnacles, gablet and gothic

arch terminate composition; W screen has dummy doocot, and

is extended by further concave-gabled screen wall into which

late mediaeval tomb recess and other fragments are incorporated.

Circa 1850 dining room S frontage rebuilt as 3-window bow,

kitchen wing raised to 2-storey with battlemented parapet, and

addition built behind E screen wall, perhaps later.

Statement of Special Interest

Built by the Hays of Errol (Perthshire). To Peter Garden of

Troup (Banffshire) 1763.

Sold 1798 to Earl Fife and 'considerably enlarged' for his

tenant General the Hon Sir Alexander Duff.

Purchased for Mrs Grant Duff 1862, to Ainslie Douglas Ainslie

1866. Abandoned after 2nd World War, repurchased for Hays by

the Countess of Errol in 1948 and gradually restored by Captain

John Hay of Hayfield from 1951, the main work being done in

1957-59 by Leo Durnin (architectural work) and V Sozonov

(painted ceilings).

A group (items 8, 9, 9A, 10)



NSA v 12 p 991

MacGibbon and Ross, C & D Arch v II pp 52-54 (they believed the

E wing to be older than main jamb: Captain Hay of Hayfield notes

change of masons marks at upper levels).

W Douglas Simpson in PSAS in v64, pp 82-84 relation in plan and

detail to Gight (c 1565) Craig (c 1570) and Towie Barclay

noted, castle regarded by him as essentially the work of one


M R Apted, Painting in Scotland from the 14th to the 17th


About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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