Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NJ 75445 50532
375445, 850532


TOWER HOUSE: 1570-79, L-plan, 69' x 41' main jamb 4-storey

(ground floor has dungeon mezzanine) and attic, wing 5-storey

and cape-house. Harled, wing retains corbelled ashlar parapet

with bartizans, upper part of main jamb has crowstepped gables,

perhaps as result of late change of plan, or perhaps as result

of repairs in 1597 following damage in 1594. Interior: main jamb

has entrance passage with groin vaulted vestibule at original

entrance on E side, main part vaulted in 2 compartments, hall

in S, guard room and dungeon over in N; circular turnpike stair

centre of S side; wing vaulted in one compartment. 1st floor; rib-vaulted solar in wing, hall remodelled as ballroom c 1830,

North Drawing Room about same date; Tulip Room and Painted Room

at 2nd and 3rd in wing have painted ceilings of 1597, Tulip Room

retains beams only.

N re-entrant angle infilled at ground and 1st floors 18th

century further 2nd and 3rd floor additions 19th century,

baronial S porch and ballroom bay window c 1850, perhaps by

A & W Reid.

WINGS: semi-elliptical rusticated arches probably c 1768,

originally open, perhaps as in-and-out gates for courtyard,

now removed; extended as fanciful symmetrical gothick

composition later 18th century, 2 single-storey wings with

3 ogee-headed windows having cross finials, dining-room (also

known as 'The Chapel') W wing, kitchen in E wing; short

screen walls with buttresses, pinnacles, gablet and gothic

arch terminate composition; W screen has dummy doocot, and

is extended by further concave-gabled screen wall into which

late mediaeval tomb recess and other fragments are incorporated.

Circa 1850 dining room S frontage rebuilt as 3-window bow,

kitchen wing raised to 2-storey with battlemented parapet, and

addition built behind E screen wall, perhaps later.

Statement of Special Interest

Built by the Hays of Errol (Perthshire). To Peter Garden of

Troup (Banffshire) 1763.

Sold 1798 to Earl Fife and 'considerably enlarged' for his

tenant General the Hon Sir Alexander Duff.

Purchased for Mrs Grant Duff 1862, to Ainslie Douglas Ainslie

1866. Abandoned after 2nd World War, repurchased for Hays by

the Countess of Errol in 1948 and gradually restored by Captain

John Hay of Hayfield from 1951, the main work being done in

1957-59 by Leo Durnin (architectural work) and V Sozonov

(painted ceilings).

A group (items 8, 9, 9A, 10)



NSA v 12 p 991

MacGibbon and Ross, C & D Arch v II pp 52-54 (they believed the

E wing to be older than main jamb: Captain Hay of Hayfield notes

change of masons marks at upper levels).

W Douglas Simpson in PSAS in v64, pp 82-84 relation in plan and

detail to Gight (c 1565) Craig (c 1570) and Towie Barclay

noted, castle regarded by him as essentially the work of one


M R Apted, Painting in Scotland from the 14th to the 17th


About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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