Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

GORDON CASTLE, OLD FOCHABERS MARKET CROSS, ALSO KNOWN AS THE JOUGS AND THE WHIPPING POSTLB1629

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
26/01/1971
Supplementary Information Updated
04/07/2007
Local Authority
Moray
Planning Authority
Moray
Parish
Bellie
NGR
NJ 34781 59229
Coordinates
334781, 859229

Description

Unknown date before 1769. Fine well-preserved ashlar Market Cross in form of Tuscan column, approx 12' high, with shallow square capital. Sited in grounds of Gordon Castle close to N wall of walled garden.

Statement of Special Interest

Appearing on the first edition Ordnance Survey map as Old Fochabers Cross with Jougs attached, and now (2007) known locally as 'The Jougs', this unusual early Market Cross stands on the site of Old Fochabers, which Pennant refers to as 'a wretched town, close to the castle'. The fine new town of Fochabers was begun in 1769, and all that remains of the early burgh is the mercat cross and one cottage, both sited within the grounds of Gordon Castle. McKean says that the cottage is thatched and was 'used until recently as the castle fruit store'. The earlier listing of the Market Cross mentions a length of iron chain embedded in the stone work at mid height. This was the 'jougs' and would have been linked to manacles for securing offenders. The columnar style for early market crosses is relatively unusual, and those similarly early examples sketched by Small appear mostly as more slender forms incorporated into rather more elaborate crosses.

Formerly listed at category B as 'Gordon Castle, Market Cross'. Listing category revised and address changed June 2007.

References

Bibliography

J and W Watson Morayshire Described (1868), p83. Charles McKean District of Moray An Illustrated Architectural Guide (1987), p116. Thomas Pennant A Tour in Scotland 1769 (2000), p96. Craig Mair Mercat Cross and Tolbooth (1988), p42. John W Small Scottish Market Crosses (1900). 1st edition Ordnance Survey Map (1865-70). Information courtesy Gordon Castle Estate and Fochabers Folk Museum and Heritage Centre.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

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Printed: 19/11/2018 04:50