Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

Inchgarth House including garden terrace, Inchgarth Road, AberdeenLB15711

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
26/04/1971
Last Date Amended
31/08/2016
Local Authority
Aberdeen
Planning Authority
Aberdeen
Parish
Peterculter
NGR
NJ 90556 3016
Coordinates
390556, 803016

Description

Built originally around 1862, Inchgarth House was extensively extended and internally altered by Alexander Marshall Mackenzie in 1897. The building is 2-storey, roughly rectangular-plan and with a curved single storey Ionic portico at the south (principal) elevation and several deep-set pediments at the wallhead. It is of Aberdeen bonded granite with a base course, quoined corners, cornice and raised cills. There is an advanced single-storey entrance porch to the east elevation with a 2-leaf timber entrance door. The west elevation has a single storey tripartite bay window to the right and a curved 2-storey bay to left.

The windows are predominantly 4-pane glazing in timber sash and case frames. The roof has grey slates, a coped ridge and tall wallhead chimney stacks with decorative panels.

The interior was partially seen in 2014. There is a large timber panelled hall with parquet flooring, a timber staircase with decorative balusters and newel posts and a round-arched screen with fluted Ionic timber columns. Sales particulars of 2014 show the other rooms with extensive timber panelling and there are some carved timber fire surrounds.

There is a curved, rubble retaining wall forming a garden terrace to the southwest of house, with a balustrade and a central set of steps.

Statement of Special Interest

Designed largely by Alexander Marshall Mackenzie, one of Aberdeen's most prestigious architects, Inchgarth House mostly dates to 1897, with some earlier fabric. The house has a number of distinguishing architectural features, in particular the deep-set pediments, decorative stacks and the Ionic portico to the south elevation. It also has fine timberwork to its entrance hall. The house is set in extensive grounds and retains its 19th century sense of privacy.

Age and Rarity

Inchgarth House was constructed in two significant phases: 1862 and 1897. The 1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map, published in 1868, shows the property as L-plan, situated within its own, substantial wooded grounds. Alexander Marshall Mackenzie extended the property to the north in 1897 and added the Ionic portico to the south. The garden terrace is also likely to date to this period, and it is depicted on the 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey Map, published in 1901. Internally, the reception hall and the timberwork in the main rooms is most likely to date to this 1897 remodelling.

Inchgarth House is situated in the Pitfodels area of Aberdeen. The rural Pitfodels estate, which stretched from Cults to the Bridge of Dee, was owned by the Menzies family since the 15th century. From 1805 the last laird, John Menzies began to feu some of the estate and when he died in 1843, without any descendants the remaining estate was purchased by the Pitfodels Land Company. Brogden notes that the plots varied in size, but were as large as 8-10 acres along the side of the River Dee, where Inchgarth House is situated. An 1895 account describes it as follows "...The greater part of the lands of Pitfodels is now studded with beautiful mansions and villas, each of which stands amid well laid out and carefully kept grounds. They mostly belong to manufacturers and gentlemen engaged in business in Aberdeen, and retired gentlemen" (Mackintosh, p.29). Large villas surrounded by trees were erected in a number of the larger plots and these continue to be a feature of this area. Inchgarth House is one of only a few properties which have not been largely extended since the late 19th century and it retains its sense of privacy within its own grounds.

The period from 1870 -1905 was a boom time in the construction of domestic architecture in Scotland and villas were a popular building type, particularly in the suburbs of cities. Built during this time, Inchgarth House has good quality detailing and retains much of its 19th century setting.

Architectural or Historic Interest

Interior

The entrance hall is a major feature of the interior of Inchgarth House, and was created at a time when an entrance hall space was a significant feature of domestic properties, as they provided a welcoming space which could also be used for relaxing. With its dominant, highly decorative timber staircase, extensive timber panelling and parquet flooring, the hall at Inchgarth House is particularly fine.

Plan form

Inchgarth House has a long, rectangular plan form, which is not exceptional. Information from the sales particulars of 2014 indicate that the house has been divided into 3 separate apartments.

Technological excellence or innovation, material or design quality

Inchgarth House is constructed from granite, which is the predominant building material in Aberdeen and is standard for houses in the city. The Aberdeen bonding used for the stonework is a particular feature of the northeast of Scotland and adds a specific regional aspect to the property. Inchgarth House was constructed at a time when it was possible to achieve high quality, intricate detailing in granite, however such detailing was more common on public and commercial buildings. There is some external decoration at Inchgarth House, such as the deep-set pediments and decorative stacks. The Ionic portico is a distinctive addition to this property which was added to increase the grandeur of the residence.

Alexander Marshall Mackenzie (1848-1933) was one of Aberdeen's most prestigious and prolific architects, whose output extended over private commissions and large public works. His work was mainly concentrated in the northeast of Scotland, and includes the frontage of Marischal College in Aberdeen (1893-1905) (LB20096) and Aberdeen Art Gallery (1885) (LB19978). He was also responsible for Australia House in London (1913-1918).

Setting

Inchgarth House is situated within its own wooded grounds and is not visible from the public road. The house retains much of its 19th century sense of privacy, and the rubble terrace garden wall adds to the impression of it being a grand country house. Large houses which retain their setting within large wooded spaces are a feature of the Pitfodels Conservation Area.

Regional variations

The building is constructed from granite in an Aberdeen bonding pattern, which is a distinctive bonding pattern particular to the northeast of Scotland.

Close Historical Associations

There are no known associations with a nationally important person or event (2016).

Statutory address and listed building record revised in 2016. Previously listed as 'Inchgarth, Garthdee Road'.

References

Bibliography

References:

Canmore: http://canmore.org.uk/ CANMORE ID173884

Maps:

Ordnance Survey Map (Surveyed 1865, Published 1868) Kincardine, Sheet IV.5. 25 Inches to the Mile. 1st Edition. Southampton: Ordnance Survey.

Ordnance Survey Map (Surveyed 1899, Published 1901) Aberdeenshire, Sheet 086.02. 25 Inches to the Mile. 2nd Edition. Southampton: Ordnance Survey.

Printed Sources:

Brogden W. A. (1998) Aberdeen, An Illustrated Architectural Guide. Edinburgh: The Rutland Press p.167-8.

Sharples, J., Walker, D.W., and Woodworth, M. (2015) The Buildings of Scotland: Aberdeenshire: South and Aberdeen. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p.298.

Simpson and Marwick Solicitors (2014) Sales Particulars.

Online Sources:

Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Inchgarth at http://www.scottisharchitects.org.uk/building_full.php?id=209883 (accessed 11/02/2015).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

Inchgarth House, Inchgarth Road, Aberdeen, south and west elevations, during daytime with blue sky
Garden Terrace at Inchgarth House, Inchgarth Road, Aberdeen, during daytime with grass and blue sky.

Map

Map of Inchgarth House Including Garden Terrace, Inchgarth Road, Aberdeen

Printed: 19/11/2018 13:17