Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

WINKSTON TOWER HOUSELB15214

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
23/02/1971
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Peebles
NGR
NT 24496 43070
Coordinates
324496, 643070

Description

1545; extensively restored 1734. 2?-storey, 3-bay, rectangular-plan tower-house with much later timber lean-to to rear; later altered from laird's house to dairy then store. Local whinstone rubble with yellow sandstone dressings. Roll-moulded surround to blind original window. Plain skewless gables.

SE (NOW PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: narrow entrance door to centre with chamfered arrises and re-used lintel from original door inscribed ANNO DOM(INI) 1545; former window, now door to left bay; window to right bay with lintel inscribed 17 ILG [?S] 34. To 1st floor, 3 regularly placed later bays, now blind.

SW ELEVATION: gable-end with original roll-mould surround window to 1st floor left; 18th century attic window to extreme left near eaves; wallhead stack surmounting.

NW (REAR) ELEVATION: ground floor elevation with blocked gun-port to centre and former window to right bay concealed by later timber lean-to. To 1st floor, blind window to centre. Remains of gun-port to extreme left.

NE ELEVATION: gabled end with later gabled farm building concealing ground floor of elevation; small window to upper right of 1st floor; blind gablehead above.

Original glazing plan and window apertures now lost, but original window to 1st floor of SW gable; later windows now blind. Pitched grey blue slate roof with metal ridge tiles; cast-iron rooflight to main elevation. Painted cast-iron rainwater goods. 18th century rubble gablehead stacks without cans; SW stack to left of main gable.

INTERIOR: remodelled (basement vault and original stair removed) and in use as a store; 2 separate rooms to ground floor, right-hand room with large fireplace to NE gable with inset aumbry; divided room to 1st floor with 1734 fireplace in NW gable.

Statement of Special Interest

The name of the tower and farm is taken from the Anglo-Norman settlers Wink, or Vink, who originally had the property. In 1536, the Dikesons (later Dickson) owned the lands, with William Dickson, a Peebles burgess, believed to have had the tower house built. The property changed hands many times. A John Little, tenant in Foulage was noted; indeed he (and his wife - name unknown) is commemorated in the inscribed lintel above the right-hand window on the principal elevation. It then passed to Adam Little, and by 1767 Stevenson of Smithfield. The property was not in a good state of repair and little had been done to the lands. In 1792 the lands were 'mostly in a state of nature' and for sale via public advertisement. The estate was bought by John Anstruther of Airdet who passed it to his grandson Major John Anstruther Macgowan, who died leading a party of 93rd Highlanders at Sebastopol. The heirs sold the estate in 1857 to the London artist Robert Thorburn for ?7800. This tower house stands immediately behind the present farmhouse (listed separately). Originally, the tower comprised of a vaulted basement, 1st floor hall and a chamber floor. The original entrance and stair plans were lost but inscribed lintels (17 IL 34 and ANNO DOM 1545) and gun loops still survive. The tower was incorporated into the farm steading by the middle of the 19th century; it has since been in use as a dairy and then a store.

References

Bibliography

J Blaeu, TVEDIA (1654, Tweeddale from ATLAS NOVUS) showing "Winlestoun". W Edgar, THE SHIRE OF PEEBLES OR TWEEDDALE (1741). 1st Edition ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP (circa 1857) showing tower house and farm steading. W Chambers, HISTORY OF PEEBLESSHIRE (18**) p327. RCAHMS, INVENTORY OF PEEBLESSHIRE (1961) Inv. 535: plan, fig.266; illustrations 52 B, C, D & E.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 25/06/2022 15:52