Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

WINKSTON FARM HOUSELB15213

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
23/02/1971
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Peebles
NGR
NT 24489 43051
Coordinates
324489, 643051

Description

Early 19th century with circa 1910 additions. 2-storey and attic, 3-bay farmhouse with single storey, single bay recessed wings to flanks; later gabled addition to rear. Coursed whinstone with painted stone dressings and long and short quoins.

SW (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: central doorway with painted margins and later multi-paned timber and glazing door; window to each flank. To 1st floor, 3 regularly placed bays; bipartite attic dormer surmounting. To flanks of main house, recessed single storey, piend-roof wings with centrally placed tripartite window.

NW ELEVATION: side wall of main house with later window to 1st floor left. Blind end of recessed single storey wing adjoining to left and centre of main house's ground floor; piend roof extension adjoining to left return (see NE ELEVATION).

NE (REAR) ELEVATION: rear of main house with small window to half storey left; partially concealed to centre and right by later gabled extension: single window to ground floor right; 2 regularly placed bays to 1st floor; adjoining wing extension to right return; to left return, single window to ground floor right. Single storey, 2-bay lean-to porch in re-entrant angle with regularly placed window and timber boarded door. To left flank, rear of single storey wing with steps leading to 2-leaf semi-glazed timber door. To right flank, piended rear addition to single storey wing with timber door to left and window to right.

SE ELEVATION: single window to left of both floors of main house, 1st floor window blind. Blind end of recessed single storey wing adjoining to centre and right of ground floor.

7-pane timber sash and case windows to principal elevations; divided 6-pane upper sash and plate glass lower sash; 3-pane side lights to windows in wings. To NE and NW elevations, later windows comprising of timber sash and case windows with plate glass glazing. Cast-iron 2-pane Carron lights to rear extension roof. Flat-roofed bipartite attic dormer with slated cheeks to centre of main elevation. Piended blue grey slate roof with lead ridging and flashings to main house and wings. Painted cast-iron rainwater goods. Tall rubble wallhead stacks with ashlar long and short quoins and banded neck copes to centre of side elevations with decorative cans; gablehead stack of similar design to rear elevation.

INTERIOR: period woodwork surviving, such as panelled doors, skirtings and panelled window shutters.

Statement of Special Interest

B-Group with Winkston Tower (listed separately). The name of the tower and farm is taken from the Anglo-Norman settlers Wink, or Vink, who originally had the property. In 1536, the Dikesons (later Dickson) owned the lands, with William Dickson, a Peebles burgess, believed to have had the tower house built. The property changed hands many times. A John Little, tenant in Foulage was noted; it then passed to Adam Little, and by 1767 Stevenson of Smithfield. The property was not in a good state of repair and little had been done to the lands. In 1792 the lands were ' mostly in a state of nature' and for sale via public advertisement. The estate was bought by John Anstruther of Airdet who is likely to have had the farmhouse built. He passed it to his grandson Major John Anstruther Macgowan, who died leading a party of 93rd Highlanders at Sebastopol. The heirs sold the estate in 1857 to the London artist Robert Thorburn for ?7800. This farmhouse stands immediately in front of the tower house (listed separately). Originally, the house comprised of the main block with the single storey wings flanking. Circa 1910, nearly a century later, a gabled extension and small lean-tos were added to the rear of the property completing the plan we see now. To the front and side of the property is a well preserved painted cast-iron fence and pedestrian gates; also of interest are the Peebles lamp standards, possibly from Peebles Station. Listed as a good example of an early 19th century Borders farmhouse.

References

Bibliography

J Ainslie, THE ENVIRONS OF EDINBURGH, HADDINGTON, DUNS, KELSO, JEDBURGH, HAWICK, SELKIRK, PEEBLES, LANGHOLM AND ANNAN (1821 - Edinburgh) for Winkston. 1st Edition ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP (circa 1857) showing tower house and farm steading. W Chambers, HISTORY OF PEEBLESSHIRE (18**) p327. RCAHMS, INVENTORY OF PEEBLESSHIRE (1961) Inv. 535: plan, fig.266; illustrations 52 B, C, D & E.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 17/06/2019 09:43