Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

NEIDPATH COTTAGELB15207

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
23/02/1971
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Peebles
NGR
NT 23176 40284
Coordinates
323176, 640284

Description

Late 18th century with 19th century additions. Single storey on raised basement, 3-bay, rectangular-plan former tollhouse on sloped site, extended to form L-plan residence with gabled entrance porch. Harled and limewashed stone with painted sandstone window dressings.

SW (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: access by means of steps leading down to central projecting gabled porch with arch-headed window, timber segmental-arched entrance door to left return, blind to right. Simple window to outer bays with painted stone lintel, margins and sill.

NW ELEVATION: 3 regularly placed bays adjacent to roadside.

NE (REAR) ELEVATION: window to ground left with projecting bay (probably original elevation) to right on open basement store, window to left return.

SE ELEVATION: blind, apart from window to off centre left of basement; central wallhead stack.

12 lying-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows to principal windows of SW elevation; 2-pane timber sash and case arched window to gable of porch; 12-pane timber sash and case windows to remainder of elevations. Piended grey slate roof with lead and aluminium ridging and flashings; pitched roof to later porch with exposed rafters, purlins and plain bargeboards. Painted cast-iron rainwater goods. Tall, harled and painted stacks to E (roofline) and W (wallhead) with heavy plain neck copes and paired hexagonal cans (one since replaced to W stack).

INTERIOR: in private residential use, 2001.

Statement of Special Interest

Originally, this cottage was a toll house on the 18th century Peebles to Biggar "turnpike" road. The road had been upgraded following the 1751 Act passed to enable the establishment of "Turnpike Trusts". It is likely the cottage's main elevation was formerly the NW (road facing) one. Like Edston Toll, the central bay would have housed a door, with a window to the flanks. The central stack, on this elevation still survives. The bay to the left of the entrance porch shows the width of the original building. A slight line on the roof shows the original line of the piended end. The painting and harling of the exterior will have hid such structural changes. It appears that the building was extended and the front then became the side elevation; it is likely the lying pane glazing was removed (and re-used in the new principal elevation) so all three windows to the road remained identical. Tolls were abolished in Peeblesshire in 1866; hence this building would have become purely residential. A new gabled porch was added around the time tolls were abolished. Technically, legislation stated that once a Toll road had recouped the money for its construction, the Toll House was to be demolished. Many were not, and this is one of the surviving ones within the parish, another being sited at Lyne (or Edston). Interesting features, such as it's lying-pane glazing, stacks and porch, from different periods survive and add to its architectural interest. The building is now in private residential use on the approach road to Neidpath Castle from the west.

References

Bibliography

1st Edition ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP (circa 1857) showing Neidpath Tollhouse. CA Strang, BORDERS AND BERWICK (1994) p240 for information on Neidpath. John Dent and Rory McDonald, FARM & FACTORY, REVOLUTION IN THE BORDERS (2001) pp20-21.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 13/11/2018 02:28