Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

LEADERVALE HOUSE INCLUDING WALLED GARDENLB15148

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
16/03/1971
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Melrose
NGR
NT 56377 39472
Coordinates
356377, 639472

Description

Early 19th century. Single-storey on raised basement, 3-bay, square-plan, symmetrical Regency villa with piended roof, Ionic columned porch and bows to side elevations set serenely within landscape on the W bank of the Leader Water. Harled rubble with ashlar dressings. Band course; moulded cornice. Rusticated angle quoins at basement level, pilastered angle margins above to principal elevation.

FURTHER DESCRIPTION: S (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: to centre, sweeping bowed steps with cast-iron balustrades oversailing basement to bowed Ionic columned porch. Timber panelled door with spoked fanlight over and tall flanked by windows with columned mullions and sidelights, fluted aprons with carved balustrade detail. Elevations to E and W with bowed bays to right and left; tripartite windows at upper level. Bowed infill to former service court to rear.

Predominantly 12-pane glazing to timber sash and case windows (slightly curved units at bowed bays). Grey slate. Coped ridge stacks; clay cans. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

INTERIOR: oval hall with Corinthian screen to N opening onto curving stair descending to lower level; four niches and ceiling rose; enriched cornicing. Bowed ends to dining and drawing rooms: fine white marble chimneypiece with fluted Ionic columns and central panel depicting Roman Goddess Diana with dog and lyre-playing figures flanking; further chimneypiece in timber with gesso seaweed and shell decoration. Enriched cornicing elsewhere.

Statement of Special Interest

Leadervale is a fine early 19th century example of a Regency style villa, probably built for use in the summer months by the owners of Carolside House (see separate listing) as part of a wider designed landscape. Leadervale is distinguished by its raised basement plan form, its elegant Ionic columned porch and symmetrical bowed bays to side elevations. Inside, the Classically detailed oval hall with Corinthian screen and fine chimneypieces add to its interest.

Leadervale and Carolside are intervisible and possibly by the same architect, both having a number of features in common including bowed side elevations, oval halls with columned screens, and blind balustrade apron detailing below the tripartite windows.

Leadervale House was originally U-plan with a service court to rear and is sited so that a landscape window to the centre of the entrance hall, flanked by the Corinthian columned screen, would frame a view of Carolside House. The window is now blocked following the introduction of a bowed infill addition to the service courtyard by William Grime, 1999.

The moulded corniced eaves to the principal elevation was formerly surmounted by a low stone balustraded parapet. The walled garden located to the S of the house, shown on the 1st edition Ordnance Survey map of 1856, has recently been restored by the current owners (2009).

List description updated at resurvey (2010).

References

Bibliography

1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map (circa 1860). RCAHMS, Leadervale House, Earlston, Berwickshire: [sale particulars] D.1.13.LEA.S. K Cruft, J Dunbar, R Fawcett, Buildings of Scotland - Borders (2006) pp60, 153, 489-90. Further information courtesy of current owners.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 13/11/2018 22:25