Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

LEADERFOOT VIADUCTLB15145

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
16/03/1971
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Melrose
NGR
NT 57385 34743
Coordinates
357385, 634743

Description

Charles Jopp and Wylie & Peddie (engineers), 1865. Outstanding former railway viaduct spanning the River Tweed on 19 tall, slender arches at a height of 126ft. Red sandstone piers, walls and abutments. Brickwork arches, each of 43ft span.

Statement of Special Interest

An exceptional 19th century railway viaduct, built for the Berwickshire Railway branch line and formerly connecting the 'Waverley Route' running between Edinburgh and Hawick, to Duns and Reston. Prominently located, its towering height and slender proportions make a very positive contribution to its setting. The viaduct is intervisible with 'Drygrange Old Bridge' built 1780 (see separate listing), adding to its wider contextual interest and value.

Aberdeen born civil engineer Charles Jopp became Chief Engineer to the North British Railway Company in 1850 and was in charge of much of the construction of the original North British Railway network and the Forth and Clyde Junction Railways.

The line was severed by flooding in 1948 but the Leaderfoot Viaduct remained operational in some capacity until 1965. Some tiers and strengthening buttresses were added to the abutments and S pier end, 1992-95.

Upgraded from Category B to A (1986). List description updated at resurvey (2010).

References

Bibliography

2nd Edition Ordnance Survey Map (1896). Charles A Strang, Border and Berwick ' An Illustrated Architectural Guide (1994) p174. Kitty Cruft, John Dunbar and Richard Fawcett, The Buildings of Scotland ' Borders (2006) p489. Roland Paxton & Jim Shipway, Civil Engineering Heritage, Scotland: Lowlands and Borders, (Institution of Civil Engineers, 2007) p81.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 21/11/2018 21:01