Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Group Category Details
100000020 - See Notes
Date Added
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
NT 56178 32419
356178, 632419


1802 with 1861-67 additions by William Burn. 2-storey with basement and attic, 7-bay, symmetrical gabled Tudor mansion house on sloping site. Wide 3-bay core of orange sandstone with later additions in pink, squared and snecked sandstone. Pale sandstone ashlar dressings. Raised cills. Banded string courses between floors. In-and-out quoins. Shouldered dormer windows breaking eaves. Ball finials to shouldered gables and dormers.

S (Principal) ELEVATION: 5 bays wide with double-height bowed and gabled bay to centre. Double return stair with round-arch at basement level (1861) rising to 2-leaf glazed and timber panelled door to centre. Recessed sections flanking with wide mullioned tripartite windows. Canted windows rising to 1st floor at gabled outer bays. Long, single-storey kitchen wing adjoining E elevation with advanced gable to centre.

N ELEVATION: 7 bays, arranged 1-1-3-1-1; pale sandstone ashlar entrance porch addition to central bay with Ionic pilastered doorpiece. Wall lining basement level with stone balustrade at ground level, flanking porch (added 1866).

Multi-pane timber sash and case windows to 3-bay central core. Predominantly 4-pane glazing to timber sash and case windows elsewhere. Grey slate. Tall, corniced ridge and end stacks in pale ashlar, clay cans. Cast-iron rainwater goods. Terraced lawn to S.

INTERIOR: square hall/vestibule to N (rear) entrance with early 19th century plasterwork ceiling decoration. Central corridor spine with 5 principal rooms leading off at ground floor. Fine hand-painted oriental wallpaper to dining room and massive roll-moulded marble fireplace. Variety of marble and timber fire places elsewhere. Internal 3-arch arcade to upper stair landing; stairs set at right angle with barley-twist timber banisters. Octagonal room to bowed centre bay at basement altered c.1861 to accomodate external double return stair to 1st floor at S elevation.

STABLE BLOCK: predominantly 1802 with additions by William Burn, 1861-7. Square-plan, classical stable block. Orange sandstone with pale ashlar dressings; in-and-out quoins. 2-storey, piend-roofed entrance section with with basket-arched pend; corniced pediment above with occulus. Banded cill course with 2 loft level windows flanking. Further basket-arch openings with 2-leaf timber doors flank entrance at courtyard elevation. Single-storey to E and W ranges. Patterned cobbled courtyard.

Statement of Special Interest

Part of a B-Group comprising: 'Eildon Hall Including Stable Block'; 'Eildon Hall, Garden House And Walled Garden'; 'Eildon Hall, East Lodge' and 'Eildon, Nos 1, 2 And 3 Greenwells Cottages' (see separate listings).

Built in 1802 as a Classical villa for Naval surgeon, Dr Thomas Mein and subsequently extended by eminent Scottish architect, William Burn to form a sizable Tudor mansion for the 5th Duke of Buccleuch. Eildon Hall is located 1.5 miles SE of Melrose and a mile NW of Newtown St Boswells. The orange sandstone core clearly defines the earlier Georgian phase of building from the pink sandstone additions. To the N elevation, the single-storey and basement pavilions of the original design are best evident. William Burn's gabled additions, carried out in his favoured Tudor-Cotsworld style, were designed largely to accommodate visitors and servants to give the Duke a greater presence near to the Buccleuch Hunt, then based at St Boswells. This is particularly evidenced in the long kitchen wing to the E. Burn raised the roof of the earlier house and added two floors and canted windows to the pavilions, and ball-finialled gables and dormer windows. The classical N entrance portico replaces a segmental-pedimented porch by Burns. The dining room is particularly notable for its hand painted wallpaper.

The Hall was used regularly throughout the 20th century as a base for hunting meets with the hunt kennels latterly located at nearby Greenwells to the S (see separate listing). The house later became the traditional home of the Duke's eldest sons, the Earls of Dalkeith.

The square-plan courtyard stable to the E is contemporary to the original 1802 villa and is predominantly of the same orange although with small additions by William Burn in the same style as his additions to the Hall. It is particularly notable for its basket-arched and pedimented entrance and retains its patterned cobbled courtyard. The additions by William Burn are predominantly to the S (rear) range, raising to 2-storeys with further single-story piend-roofed ancillary adjoining SE angle. The stables have been largely converted to residential accommodation.

List description updated at resurvey (2010).



RCAHMS: Plans and Elevational drawings by William Burn (1861-66), Ref: RXD 263/1-13. Held at RCAHMS, Sale Particulars (1982, 83, 87) Ref: D.133.EIL.S. Country Life Magazine, 30 June 1983, p18. Kitty Cruft, John Dunbar and Richard Fawcett, The Buildings of Scotland - Borders (2006) p258.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

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Printed: 20/04/2019 21:15