Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

PAVILION (INCORPORATING 1 PAVILION, THE CLOCK HOUSE, STABLES HOUSE AND RUAIVAL COTTAGE)LB15133

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
16/03/1971
Supplementary Information Updated
22/06/2010
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Melrose
NGR
NT 52871 35273
Coordinates
352871, 635273

Description

Predominantly early 19th century with later additions and alterations (see notes). 2-storey, 5-bay core with central pedimented bay with irregular arrangement of wings and offices flanking to form long low rambling mansion. White harled rubble with red sandstone ashlar dressings. String course. Symmetrical, pedimented 3-bay to garden front (E) with carved coronet, garlands and an oculus with clock insert; strip pilasters flanking outer bays; round-arched windows to centre, ground floor.

3-bay section to left with shouldered gable to centre with canted bay to ground. Large square-plan wing to outer left with columned porch to E elevation; pair of canted bay windows to S elevation. Single-storey piended offices, now subdivided to form individual dwellings (Garden Cottage and Garage House), to right (N).

Predominantly 12-pane glazing to timber sash and case windows. Piended roofs with grey slate. Tall, ridge stacks with clay cans. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

Statement of Special Interest

Pavilion is an unusual 19th century house, formed by incremental addition and adaptation of a classical villa resulting in a long, rambling mansion house occupying high ground above the River Tweed to the N of Melrose village. Its pedimented 3-bay centre bay to garden front provides the focal point with carved coronet, garlands and an oculus with clock insert. An addition of 1811 by renowned local architect and builder, John Smith is of interest as an early example of cavity wall construction in the area.

The estate, originally part of the lands of Gattonside in the possession of the Ormston family who also owned Old Melrose, passed through a number of hands before it was bought by John Southey, the 15th Lord Somerville around 1805. The previous owner had begun plans to build a large mansion house on the site although only the stable range was completed at the time of sale. Somerville adapted the existing stables to form a 2-storey, 5-bay 'shooting box', and then further extending the footprint of the property throughout the 19th century. Somerville was good friends with Sir Walter Scott at neighbouring Abbotsford (see separate listing) and had an office at the court of King George III. It is understood the Queen was responsible for the name of the building. On seeing the plans for Somerville's house, she likened it to a pavilion.

The building has more recently been subdivided into 3 separate houses involving various internal reconfigurations, with stable and garage additions also converted for residential use.

Change of category from B to C(S) and list description updated at resurvey (2010).

References

Bibliography

evident on 1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map (1856). Alexander Jeffrey, The History and Antiquities of Roxburghshire and Adjacent Districts (VolI) (1864) pp81-84. K Cruft, J Dunbar, R Fawcett, Buildings of Scotland -Borders (2006) p320.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 14/11/2018 09:08