Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

URQUHART CASTLELB15026

Status: Removed

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/10/1971
Date Removed:
16/12/2015
Local Authority
Highland
Planning Authority
Highland
Parish
Urquhart And Glenmoriston
NGR
NH 53095 28647
Coordinates
253095, 828647

Removal Reason

Dual designation

Description

Ruinous walled castle, exploiting defensive site shaped roughly as figure of eight on Loch Ness side bounded 3 sides by water and on W by deep ditch. Surviving masonry dates from 13th through to mid 17th century. The curtain walls contain masonry dating from 13th century, enclosing motte, upper and nether baileys, kitchen and undercrofts of former hall and great chamber, gatehouse and tower.

Kitchens, hall and great chamber exploit SE promintory of site and appear to date from 14th century. 4-storey square tower of 16th century date rises from east corner of site; 3 sides survive, with portions of corbelled wallhead. Arched gate house, with centre passage flank by vaulted chamber each side reached across ditch by (modern) bridge linking masonry ramp.

SW gatehouse chamber contains kiln; further kiln to NW of castle on edge of ditch. Remains of circular (probably beehive) dovecote with 4 esting boxes in upper bailey.

Statement of Special Interest

Guardianship Monument. Though present ruins date probably from 13th century, excavation has revealed a vitrified fort near the motte. A royal castle is said to have existed at Urquhart in late 12th century. Earliest known Lords of Urquhart were 13th c. Durward family. Castle changed hands incessantly passing through Comyns, Sir Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray and Macdonald of the Isles. Finally granted to Grants of Freuchie in 16th century, on condition they repair the castle built tower and other improvements including "kiln, cot and dovegrove".

Scheduled 9 September 1997.

References

Bibliography

MacGibbon and Ross, THE CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND, iii (1889) pp.90-6.

W Douglas Simpson, URQUHART CASTLE (1971) (official guide)

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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