Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

LEUCHIE HOUSE, RICHARD CAVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS HOLIDAY HOME AND LA SAGESSE CONVENTLB14746

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/02/1971
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
North Berwick
NGR
NT 57219 83276
Coordinates
357219, 683276

Description

1779 to 1785, 3-storey classical mansion incorporating

foundations of earlier house, with vaulted cellar, almost

doubled in size and rendered asymmetrical by enlargement

circa 1860, including low entrance and extensive kitchen

offices. Red rubble sandstone, formerly harled, with grey

ashlar dressings to original house, with squared and snecked

stone for Victorian work. Raised base and band course and

rusticated quoins. Moulded cornice with die balustrade.

N (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: (circa 1859) 5-bay. Centre and

flanking bays to left with tall ground floor windows; 1st and

2nd floor windows diminishing in size. Doric columned,

pedimented ashlar porch straddling 2 bays to right with

single windows each floor above.

S ELEVATION: (1779) 5-bay. 3 bays at centre in broad canted

projection with French windows at centre and tall 1st floor

windows with wrought-iron balconies. 2nd floor lights

diminishing in size as in flanking bays. Armorial tablet in

balustrade above centre bay.

W ELEVATION: full-height bowed bay with 3 windows to each

floor to right originally centrally placed; additional 2 wide

bays to N. 2 bays to left (circa 1859) with tall ground floor

windows diminishing at 1st and 2nd floors.

E (SERVICE) ELEVATION: full-height bowed bay of original 1779

house to left with basement cellar door, blank ground floor

bay at centre, blind windows at 1st and 2nd floor at centre.

Irregular piend roofed projections from later house

extension, including 7-bay wing. Single storey outhouse

projections to left and right of service court.

12-pane glazing pattern to sash and case windows with

Victorian plate glass sashes to ground floor windows. Moulded

coping to broad ashlar dressed stacks, 2 pairs linked on

original house; decorative cans. Piended slate roofs with

lead flashings.

INTERIOR: exceptionally fine interior decoration. Stone

flagged hall to original house with cantilevered stone stair,

classical plaster medallion and exuberant classical

plasterwork in coombed ceiling above. Strong Adamesque style

throughout. Pedimented doors leading off hall at centre to

oval rooms in canted bays. Marble chimneypieces, one with

tablet of Bacchus and Ariadne by Flaxman. Plasterwork by

James Nisbet; ceilings in late Adam form. New hall and dining

room added at ground in circa 1859 work.

Partly terraced garden to S with stone steps. Formerly

lavishly planted grounds.

Statement of Special Interest

Stables and lodges listed separately. 1779-85 work by 2nd

baronet Sir Hew Dalrymple (1712-90), who had comtemplated

work on earlier house in 1753, never realised. Architect

referred to as 'Mr Peacock' may be James Peacock of London

who advocated such plan and decoration types in Oikidia

(Nutshells) circa 1785. Alternatively, it could be Alexander

Peacock of Edinburgh, possibly acting merely as clerk of

works. The possibility that Hew Dalrymple acted as gentleman

architect cannot be ruled out, following examples in London

area and Taylor's work such as Asgill House, from Vitruvius

Britannicus. David Hamilton provided a plan for later work,

circa 1808, not realised. The wrought-ironwork could be by

Thomas Chalmers, as at Archerfield. Circa 1859 work obscured

original pedimented door flanked by Venetian windows.

Architect for Victorian work unknown; executed for 6th

baronet, Sir Hew Dalrymple.

References

Bibliography

SRO GD110/see index.

Girouard, COUNTRY LIFE CXXX 12.10.61 pp826-9.

C McWilliam, LOTHIAN (1978) pp282-3.

J Small, CASTLES AND MANSIONS OF THE LOTHIANS (1883).

SRO RHP 2744 and RHP49279 - estate plans.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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