Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

LEUCHIE HOUSE, RICHARD CAVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS HOLIDAY HOME AND LA SAGESSE CONVENTLB14746

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/02/1971
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
North Berwick
NGR
NT 57219 83276
Coordinates
357219, 683276

Description

1779 to 1785, 3-storey classical mansion incorporating

foundations of earlier house, with vaulted cellar, almost

doubled in size and rendered asymmetrical by enlargement

circa 1860, including low entrance and extensive kitchen

offices. Red rubble sandstone, formerly harled, with grey

ashlar dressings to original house, with squared and snecked

stone for Victorian work. Raised base and band course and

rusticated quoins. Moulded cornice with die balustrade.

N (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: (circa 1859) 5-bay. Centre and

flanking bays to left with tall ground floor windows; 1st and

2nd floor windows diminishing in size. Doric columned,

pedimented ashlar porch straddling 2 bays to right with

single windows each floor above.

S ELEVATION: (1779) 5-bay. 3 bays at centre in broad canted

projection with French windows at centre and tall 1st floor

windows with wrought-iron balconies. 2nd floor lights

diminishing in size as in flanking bays. Armorial tablet in

balustrade above centre bay.

W ELEVATION: full-height bowed bay with 3 windows to each

floor to right originally centrally placed; additional 2 wide

bays to N. 2 bays to left (circa 1859) with tall ground floor

windows diminishing at 1st and 2nd floors.

E (SERVICE) ELEVATION: full-height bowed bay of original 1779

house to left with basement cellar door, blank ground floor

bay at centre, blind windows at 1st and 2nd floor at centre.

Irregular piend roofed projections from later house

extension, including 7-bay wing. Single storey outhouse

projections to left and right of service court.

12-pane glazing pattern to sash and case windows with

Victorian plate glass sashes to ground floor windows. Moulded

coping to broad ashlar dressed stacks, 2 pairs linked on

original house; decorative cans. Piended slate roofs with

lead flashings.

INTERIOR: exceptionally fine interior decoration. Stone

flagged hall to original house with cantilevered stone stair,

classical plaster medallion and exuberant classical

plasterwork in coombed ceiling above. Strong Adamesque style

throughout. Pedimented doors leading off hall at centre to

oval rooms in canted bays. Marble chimneypieces, one with

tablet of Bacchus and Ariadne by Flaxman. Plasterwork by

James Nisbet; ceilings in late Adam form. New hall and dining

room added at ground in circa 1859 work.

Partly terraced garden to S with stone steps. Formerly

lavishly planted grounds.

Statement of Special Interest

Stables and lodges listed separately. 1779-85 work by 2nd

baronet Sir Hew Dalrymple (1712-90), who had comtemplated

work on earlier house in 1753, never realised. Architect

referred to as 'Mr Peacock' may be James Peacock of London

who advocated such plan and decoration types in Oikidia

(Nutshells) circa 1785. Alternatively, it could be Alexander

Peacock of Edinburgh, possibly acting merely as clerk of

works. The possibility that Hew Dalrymple acted as gentleman

architect cannot be ruled out, following examples in London

area and Taylor's work such as Asgill House, from Vitruvius

Britannicus. David Hamilton provided a plan for later work,

circa 1808, not realised. The wrought-ironwork could be by

Thomas Chalmers, as at Archerfield. Circa 1859 work obscured

original pedimented door flanked by Venetian windows.

Architect for Victorian work unknown; executed for 6th

baronet, Sir Hew Dalrymple.

References

Bibliography

SRO GD110/see index.

Girouard, COUNTRY LIFE CXXX 12.10.61 pp826-9.

C McWilliam, LOTHIAN (1978) pp282-3.

J Small, CASTLES AND MANSIONS OF THE LOTHIANS (1883).

SRO RHP 2744 and RHP49279 - estate plans.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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