Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

BROXMOUTH PARK (BROXMOUTH HOUSE) WITH BOUNDARY WALLS, GATEPIERS AND BRIDGELB1470

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
05/02/1971
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
Dunbar
NGR
NT 69614 77602
Coordinates
369614, 677602

Description

Probably James Nisbet, circa 1775 and possibly

incorporating the earlier house. 2-storey, classical

U-plan mansion with raised basement in falling ground to

N. Harled with grey and red sandstone ashlar dressings.

Band course at ground floor level; moulded cornice below

ashlar parapet.

S (FRONT) ELEVATION: 2-storey. Slightly advanced

pedimented bay at centre with raised quoins. Tripartite

doorway with panelled 2-leaf door and decorative

fanlight. Single storey, Roman doric columned portico,

probably added later. Tripartite window at 1st floor. 3

bays flanking to each side with tall ground floor

windows, smaller at 1st floor.

W ELEVATION bowed, full-height bay at centre in ashlar,

probably added later, with French windows at ground

floor and to basement. Decorative later 19th century

wrought-iron balcony with later ram's horn stair

adjoined. 2 bays flanking to each side with windows at

each floor.

E ELEVATION: 6 bays to main house with regular windows at

basement, ground and 1st floor; lower, recessed 2-bay

addition at N end and curtain wall remainder of former

3-storey 7-bay gabled extension to wing (demolished

after 1955 and a later addition). Garage doorways

inserted to basement of main house at right and 2

recessed bays.

N (COURTYARD) ELEVATION: formerly enclosed by coped

rubble wall at N end. Full-height rectangular stair

projection in re-entrant angle by W wing with small

oculus and tall stair windows. Wide doorway at ground at

centre; regularly windowed bays to remaining elevations.

Doorway at right of recessed 2-bay eastern extension.

Harled lean-to garage set on site of demolished

extension. Small-pane glazing pattern to sash and case

windows. Grey slates to piend roofs with ashlar ridge

tiles; coped red sandstone ashlar ridge stacks.

Cast-iron arrowhead and urn finialled railings by

basement area, flanking S elevation to E and W.

Decorative lamp standards to drive, dated 1902.

INTERIOR: fine chimneypieces of original and mid 19th

century dates.

PARK WALLS AND GATEPIERS: red rubble sandstone boundary

walls enclosing policies and deer park of Broxmouth, and

farming boundary with golf links. Several gateways with

rusticated ashlar piers and moulded coping. Deer park

was landscaped in 1845.

BRIDGE: sited by golf links over small burn; arched

sandstone span of about 3 metres in width, with boundary

wall as parapet to links side only.

Statement of Special Interest

Broxmouth estate developed as a bower house for the Duke of Roxburgh. Allegedly Cromwell stayed in grounds before Battle of Dunbar. The furniture was inventoried in late 17th century and the mansion described in early 18th, as a 'fine pallace'. However, Nisbet's report of 1774, based on a sketched U-plan, described the perilous state of the house and recommended "to possess the House with safety to case it Round with Buttresses"; as this does not occur and new elevations were raised, we may presume that Nisbet was the architect. How much of the former mansion is included has not been determined. The walled garden (listed separately) may have been built for the earlier house. Queen Victoria visited the mansion in 1878.

References

Bibliography

SRO RHP 30930 with James Nisbet's report of 1774.

J Small CASTLES AND MANSIONS OF THE LOTHIANS (1883).

C McWilliam LOTHIAN (1978) pp126-7.

Floors Castle, Duke of Roxburgh archive see NRA(S) 1100.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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