Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

GOWAN BANK FARMHOUSE, STEADING AND COTTAGELB14557

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
08/09/1982
Local Authority
West Lothian
Planning Authority
West Lothian
Parish
Torphichen
NGR
NS 91570 71261
Coordinates
291570, 671261

Description

FARMHOUSE: Circa 1820 farmhouse, with large irregular

U-plan range added by Sir James Gowans circa 1862. Early

range 2-storey, asymmetrical, 2 bays gabled, 3rd with gabled

head to 1st floor window, door in centre bay with motto

and entwined 'J', Gowans initials in gable, south elevation

simply detailed. Squared whin rubble with ashlar and granite

quoins and dressings; eaves cut-back. 1862 addition, 2

storeys, 3 bays (garage slapped in northern bay; simply

chamfered ground floor windows 3 wall-head dormers, central semi-octagonal and corbelled, outer with deep segmental

hoods. Similarly detailed masonry to both branches of

U, north elevation displaying typical Gowans originality in

each splayed 1st floor angle window. Tall stilted and

hooded dormers to inner faces of U-plan. Tall stacks with

chevron cornice detail.

STEADING & COTTAGE: Sir James Gowans 1842 and 1862.

Steading: simple courtyard type with projections, eg 1842

engine house and barn to south and labourer's cottage.

Typical Gowan's polychromatic whin masonry, lattice grid with

inset quartz banded, rock-faced dressings. Cottage at south

of east range, splayed angle windows with banded jambs,

door recessed under swept pitched roof to west; bold chimney

breast on south wall with corbelled set-offs and pentice

slabs; banded stacks with chevron coping and castellated cans;

some swept dormers, (gabled eastern bay, elaborately corbelled

eaves using stone and timber to same profile). Details

continue in north eastern projection with inscription on

south wall, 1862. Internal details of court very simple with

much later brick work, north range all that survives of

c1820. Slate roofs with some patterning.

Rectangular detached eastern coach house and dairy building,

symmetrical with central door and flanking windows. Large

later opening in north gable. Patterned slate work.

Detached cattle byre, similar details with ventilated

north elevation, elaborated corbelled gable. Slate roof.

Estate bounded by mannered rubble walls with regularly

raised coping; wall stepped. Gatepiers collapsed.

Statement of Special Interest

Plaque on south face of eastern projecting bay beneath

pentice slab "Heb III.4 For every house is builded by some

man but he that build all

Eccles II4, xi, xii.

1 August 1862".

References

Bibliography

altered by James Gowans (Snr) c 1857, Duncan McAra:

SIR JAMES GOWANS p2,26,32-4 1975 Buildings of Scotland:

Lothian p225 1978

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 17/11/2018 16:00