Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

GOWAN BANK FARMHOUSE, STEADING AND COTTAGELB14557

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
08/09/1982
Local Authority
West Lothian
Planning Authority
West Lothian
Parish
Torphichen
NGR
NS 91570 71261
Coordinates
291570, 671261

Description

FARMHOUSE: Circa 1820 farmhouse, with large irregular

U-plan range added by Sir James Gowans circa 1862. Early

range 2-storey, asymmetrical, 2 bays gabled, 3rd with gabled

head to 1st floor window, door in centre bay with motto

and entwined 'J', Gowans initials in gable, south elevation

simply detailed. Squared whin rubble with ashlar and granite

quoins and dressings; eaves cut-back. 1862 addition, 2

storeys, 3 bays (garage slapped in northern bay; simply

chamfered ground floor windows 3 wall-head dormers, central semi-octagonal and corbelled, outer with deep segmental

hoods. Similarly detailed masonry to both branches of

U, north elevation displaying typical Gowans originality in

each splayed 1st floor angle window. Tall stilted and

hooded dormers to inner faces of U-plan. Tall stacks with

chevron cornice detail.

STEADING & COTTAGE: Sir James Gowans 1842 and 1862.

Steading: simple courtyard type with projections, eg 1842

engine house and barn to south and labourer's cottage.

Typical Gowan's polychromatic whin masonry, lattice grid with

inset quartz banded, rock-faced dressings. Cottage at south

of east range, splayed angle windows with banded jambs,

door recessed under swept pitched roof to west; bold chimney

breast on south wall with corbelled set-offs and pentice

slabs; banded stacks with chevron coping and castellated cans;

some swept dormers, (gabled eastern bay, elaborately corbelled

eaves using stone and timber to same profile). Details

continue in north eastern projection with inscription on

south wall, 1862. Internal details of court very simple with

much later brick work, north range all that survives of

c1820. Slate roofs with some patterning.

Rectangular detached eastern coach house and dairy building,

symmetrical with central door and flanking windows. Large

later opening in north gable. Patterned slate work.

Detached cattle byre, similar details with ventilated

north elevation, elaborated corbelled gable. Slate roof.

Estate bounded by mannered rubble walls with regularly

raised coping; wall stepped. Gatepiers collapsed.

Statement of Special Interest

Plaque on south face of eastern projecting bay beneath

pentice slab "Heb III.4 For every house is builded by some

man but he that build all

Eccles II4, xi, xii.

1 August 1862".

References

Bibliography

altered by James Gowans (Snr) c 1857, Duncan McAra:

SIR JAMES GOWANS p2,26,32-4 1975 Buildings of Scotland:

Lothian p225 1978

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 21/09/2019 08:38