Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
NT 55024 75300
355024, 675300


Mid-late 18th century. 3-storey meal-mill, roughly

rectangular in plan with later single storey threshing

mill abutting to W. Random rubble with stugged ashlar


N ELEVATION: entrance at ground floor, with further 1st

floor doorway above. Window to 2nd floor. Kiln to right

with small opening to centre below eaves.

S ELEVATION: noteworthy low breastshot waterwheel to

main block, measuring 426cm (outside diameter) by 150cm

(width) originally with 30 wooden paddles each 3cm

thick. Window at 1st and 2nd floor. Gabled 2-storey

single bay and single storey piend-roofed threshing mill

butt joined to W.

Red pantiles to mill, threshing mill and to steep

truncated pyramidal roof of kiln (ventilator missing).

INTERIOR: much of machinery survives; waterwheel drove

2 pairs of millstones, one for grinding, the other for

shelling. A grain bruiser, pearl barley wheel and

gearing also remain. The sack hoist is of interest;

could be operated from any floor, has a dog clutch and

automatic and manual disengaging device.

Kiln floor is 30cm below 2nd floor level of the mill;

constructed of cast-iron perforated plates. Single

bagging outlet from kiln floor to mill. Access to kiln

firebox external; internal route blocked.

Statement of Special Interest

Existing mill probably built on the site of former mill

to serve the Gilmerton estate; mill buildings appear on

Forrest map 1799. Wheel drive unusual; as is the

absence of shaking conveyors and bucket elevators.

Milling ceased by early 1940s, waterwheel pit now silted

and the lade diverted to power a generator. Mill and

accompanying cottages recently sold; proposals made for

restoration (1989).



William Forrest, Map of Haddingtonshire 1799.

Survey of Sandy's Mill. RCAHMS 1983.

F Tindall EAST LOTHIAN WATER MILLS 1970. Part of

Athelstaneford Parish on 1853 OS map. By 1894 edition

incorporated into Prestonkirk Parish.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 21/08/2019 23:32