Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
NT 55024 75300
355024, 675300


Mid-late 18th century. 3-storey meal-mill, roughly

rectangular in plan with later single storey threshing

mill abutting to W. Random rubble with stugged ashlar


N ELEVATION: entrance at ground floor, with further 1st

floor doorway above. Window to 2nd floor. Kiln to right

with small opening to centre below eaves.

S ELEVATION: noteworthy low breastshot waterwheel to

main block, measuring 426cm (outside diameter) by 150cm

(width) originally with 30 wooden paddles each 3cm

thick. Window at 1st and 2nd floor. Gabled 2-storey

single bay and single storey piend-roofed threshing mill

butt joined to W.

Red pantiles to mill, threshing mill and to steep

truncated pyramidal roof of kiln (ventilator missing).

INTERIOR: much of machinery survives; waterwheel drove

2 pairs of millstones, one for grinding, the other for

shelling. A grain bruiser, pearl barley wheel and

gearing also remain. The sack hoist is of interest;

could be operated from any floor, has a dog clutch and

automatic and manual disengaging device.

Kiln floor is 30cm below 2nd floor level of the mill;

constructed of cast-iron perforated plates. Single

bagging outlet from kiln floor to mill. Access to kiln

firebox external; internal route blocked.

Statement of Special Interest

Existing mill probably built on the site of former mill

to serve the Gilmerton estate; mill buildings appear on

Forrest map 1799. Wheel drive unusual; as is the

absence of shaking conveyors and bucket elevators.

Milling ceased by early 1940s, waterwheel pit now silted

and the lade diverted to power a generator. Mill and

accompanying cottages recently sold; proposals made for

restoration (1989).



William Forrest, Map of Haddingtonshire 1799.

Survey of Sandy's Mill. RCAHMS 1983.

F Tindall EAST LOTHIAN WATER MILLS 1970. Part of

Athelstaneford Parish on 1853 OS map. By 1894 edition

incorporated into Prestonkirk Parish.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 22/03/2019 04:15