Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
East Ayrshire
Planning Authority
East Ayrshire
NS 49557 25330
249557, 625330


Complex building sequence, the most distinctive part a tall range which forms part of a circa 1911 major rebuild, it is central European in profile, with deep-eaved and swept gambrel roof, big bell cast and iron-crested axial ventilator; the numerous other ranges and additions are plainer but mainly sympathetic in design and in use of materials; mostly white-harled with red ashlar detail, small-paned glazing patterns gambel or gabled slate roofs with broad eaves, long rooflights, red ridging tiles. The tall range near the west whose gable is the inner of 3, stepped in height (lade enters underneath) dates from circa 1890 and is among the earliest surviving buildings at the site; panelled red brick wall partly visible on south flank, west gable harled, but some stonework visible, (eg lade archway) which is probably re-used from pre-1890 building.

C 1911 WORK includes 3-storeyed centre block mentioned above (one flank is placed against the c1890 east gable in a T-plan arrangement), around its perimeter originally a low flat-roofed and deep series of ranges with round-arched openings, these ranges subsequently heightened though

original openings can still be seen eg at east end and (from within later addition) on south; unroofed court/lightwell about lade with gated archway at east. Inside, tall range has concrete-arched floors, steel beams, plain cast-iron columns; brick-faced or tiled walls mostly white-glazed with blue trim; roof has distinctive curved steel trusses as do other early pitched roofs. Elongated cast-iron Corinthian columns survive in original engine room at low level, SE corner. Formal gardens, early 20th century in appearance, were laid out at the east, in front of manager's house; spoiled by huge modern shed now placed over centre area, but rock-faced garden walls survive; with gatepiers at east, and wrought iron gates; also fragments of stone terraces beside house and a small square and rock-faced pavilion; at south, a similar structure (perhaps a powerhouse or summerhouse) built on piers over the river and a gardeners' shed with glass house.

EGG-ENDED BOILER, also beside house, is an unusual survivor; rivetted iron plates and raised on brick piers.

Statement of Special Interest

There was originally a lint mill at this site; purchased circa 1890 for use as a creamery and margarine factory; pioneering work in the development of margarine was done here, including, it is said, the formation of the type of margarine used in puff pastry. A local tradition claims that the blue tilework bands gave their name to a margarine type. Factory was sold in mid 1920's (? to Jurgens, later part of Unilever), but margarine production continued until after last war. Subsequently a spectacles factory until about 1987.



Ballochmyle Creamery (undated but c 1911, promotional


J Hume, INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY vol I, 1976, P65 ("a good

example of early 20th century factory building")

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 19/04/2019 06:08